Answer to Quiz #21 - August 7, 2005

1.  What are the two emblems on the tombstone?
2.  Where is this grave located?
3. Who is buried in this grave?
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Used by permission of Robert McKenna. Click on thumbnail to see a larger image.
Answers:

1. Citizens of the Republic of Texas
Sons of the American Revolution (S.A.R.)
Margaret Montgomery Chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution (D.A.R.)
(The identification of the bottom plaque was not required for a correct answer.)

2. "Old Cemetery" - First Methodist Church Cemetery in Montgomery Texas.

3.  No one.  This is a centotaph, a monument without the remains of the deceased.
The Ulmer Family
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THE EMBLEMS
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DAUGHTERS OF THE REPUBLIC OF TEXAS. The Daughters of the Republic of
Texas is the oldest patriotic women's organization in Texas and one of the oldest in the
nation. In 1891 Betty Ballinger and Hally Bryan (later Hally Bryan Perry) formulated
plans for an association to be composed of women who were direct descendants of the
men and women who established the Republic of Texas. They were encouraged in their
efforts by Hally Bryan's father, Guy M. Bryan, a member of the Texas Veterans
Association. The organizational meeting was held on November 6, 1891, in the Houston
home of Mary Jane Briscoe. Mary S. M. Jones, widow of the last president of the
Republic of Texas, agreed to serve as president.

The objectives of the association are to perpetuate the memory and spirit of the people
who achieved and maintained the independence of Texas and to encourage historical
research into the earliest records of Texas, especially those relating to the revolutionary
and republic periods. The DRT encourages the preservation of documents and relics,
the publication of historical records and narratives, and the celebration of important
days in the state's history. It also encourages the teaching of Texas history in public
schools and sponsors the placement of historical markers.

One of the association's early projects was to persuade the Texas legislature to
purchase the land on which the battle of San Jacinto was fought. The Daughters placed
battlefield markers on the important sites pointed out by members of the Veterans
Association. A more recent and continuing project is the placement of bronze
medallions on the graves of citizens of the Republic of Texas. The Daughters were
instrumental in the state's decision to purchase life-size statues of Stephen F. Austin and
Sam Houston sculpted by Elisabet Ney for the rotunda of the Capitol in Austin. The
DRT also used its influence to place a monument at Washington-on-the-Brazos, where
the Texas Declaration of Independence was signed.

See http://www.tsha.utexas.edu/handbook/online/articles/DD/vnd3.html.
The DNA Detective
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NATIONAL SOCIETY OF THE SONS OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION
http://www.sar.org/about/goals.htm
What Are We?
The SAR is a historical, educational, and patriotic non-profit,
United States 501(c)3, corporation that seeks to maintain and extend
* the institutions of American freedom
* an appreciation for true patriotism
* a respect for our national symbols
* the value of American citizenship
* the unifying force of e pluribus unum that has created, from the people
of many nations, one nation and one people.
We do this by perpetuating the stories of patriotism, courage, sacrifice, tragedy, and
triumph of the men who achieved the independence of the American people in the belief
that these stories are universal ones of man's eternal struggle against tyranny, relevant
to all time, and will inspire and strengthen each succeeding generation as it too is called
upon to defend our freedoms on the battlefield and in our public institutions.
REVOLUTIONARY WAR GRAVES COMMITTEE
The SAR Patriot Grave Marking Program
http://www.sar.org/geneal/gravmark.htm#SARmark
The objective of the SAR grave marking progam is to place a bronze SAR marker at the
grave site of every military veteran and civilian patriot of the Revolutionary War. If no
tombstone exists, a grave of a Revolutionary War soldier can be suitably marked with a
U.S. Government headstone or marker.
SAR MARKER
The SAR marker is a modified Maltese Cross with center containing the figure of a
Minuteman encircled by thirteen stars. A laurel wreath encircles the arms of a Cross
and the word PATRIOT appears at the bottom  of the wreath.

The bronze SAR marker is available from the Merchandise Directstore at the
headquarters of the national society. The order form is published in each issue of the
SAR Magazine together with prices and shipping charges for the merchandise. It is
usually ordered by an SAR member. Placement of the marker is the responsibility of the
applicant or his designee. No record or report is required although a Grave Registy
form should be submitted to the Revolutionary War graves committee with a photo.  

by Col. Paul M Frantz
Rev. War Graves Committee
**********
NATIONAL SOCIETY OF
THE DAUGHTERS OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION
The DAR, founded in 1890, is a volunteer women's service organization dedicated to
promoting patriotism, preserving American history, and securing America's future
through better education for children.

As the most inclusive lineal society in the country, DAR boasts 168,000 members in
3,000 chapters across the United States and internationally. The National Society
Daughters of the American Revolution was founded on October 11, 1890, during a time
that was marked by a revival in patriotism and intense interest in the beginnings of the
United States of America. Women felt the desire to express their patriotic feelings and
were frustrated by their exclusion from men's organizations formed to perpetuate the
memory of ancestors who fought to make this country free and independent. As a
result, a group of pioneering women in the nation's capital formed their own
organization and the Daughters of the American Revolution has carried the torch of
patriotism ever since.

The objectives laid forth in the first meeting of the DAR have remained the same in over
100 years of active service to the nation. Those objectives are: Historical - to perpetuate
the memory and spirit of the men and women who achieved American Independence;
Educational - to carry out the injunction of Washington in his farewell address to the
American people, "to promote, as an object of primary importance, institutions for the
general diffusion of knowledge, thus developing an enlightened public opinion…"; and
Patriotic - to cherish, maintain, and extend the institutions of American freedom, to
foster true patriotism and love of country, and to aid in securing for mankind all the
blessings of liberty.

Since its founding in 1890, DAR has admitted more than 800,000 members.

DAR members have located, restored, and marked thousands of patriot gravesites and
headstones throughout the United States.
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THE CEMETERY & WHO IS (NOT) BURIED IN THE GRAVE
http://www.txssar.org/graves.htm
http://people.txucom.net/stever/MMHistory.htm
Owen Shannon was born about 1762 and served with the Georgia's Roster of the
Revolution. He married Margaret Montgomery in Wilkes County, Georgia on October
22, 1792, and he received a bounty land grant in Franklin County, Georgia for his
Revolutionary War service. In 1821 Owen Shannon and his family moved to the
Mexican State of Texas, just after Mexico gained independence from Spain. In 1826 he
received his league of land in Montgomery County, Texas from Stephen F. Austin and
the family operated the Montgomery Trading Post on their land located about 2 miles
north of the town of Montgomery. Owen Shannon died in 1834 on his property and
was buried in an unmarked grave. Since there was no county, state or national record
as to the exact place of burial for Owen, Margaret Montgomery Chapter, NSDAR was
granted permission to place a marker to his memory in the "Old Cemetery" at the First
Methodist Church in Montgomery, Texas. In 1959, the Margaret Montgomery Chapter,
NSDAR placed a marker on Margaret Montgomery’s grave. The chapter also placed a
stone in the Montgomery Cemetery in memory of Owen Shannon and his service in the
American Revolution. In 2001, the Freedom Chapter of the SAR in Conroe, Texas and
the Piney Woods Chapter of Kingwood, Texas marked the grave of Owen Shannon
with a gravestone, foot marker and a SAR Patriot emblem."
********************
MORE ABOUT OWEN SHANNON AND MARGARET MONTGOMERY
SHANNON, OWEN
(ca. 1762-1839)

Owen Shannon, Texas pioneer, son of Eleanor and Thomas Shannon, Sr., was born
around 1762 in Georgia. He, two of his brothers, and their father received certificates
of service in the Revolutionary War and bounty grants of 287½ acres each.

Owen, who was fourteen years old when he fought, received bounty land in Franklin
County, Georgia. He married Margaret (Margit) Montgomery in Wilkes County,
Georgia, on October 22, 1792. They had six children, most of whom settled on
empresario grants in Texas.

Their daughter Ellinder married Jonas Harrison, in whose honor Harrison County was
named, and immigrated to Texas in January 1821. Another daughter, Ruthy, married
James Miller; they were listed in the 1826 Atascosito census and received a league in
Joseph Vehlein's colony. Nancy Shannon married Charles Garrett, a member of the Old
Three Hundred. Another daughter, Polly, was the wife John Hauk, and did not come to
Texas. A son, John, received a league in Austin's second colony. Jacob Montgomery
Shannon married Catherine Yoakum and received a league in Austin's second colony
that became known as Shannon Prairie.

Shannon came with his family to Texas in 1821 as a member of the Old Three
Hundred. He and his sons are listed on the June 9, 1826, muster roll of the Ayish Bayou
District. Shannon was listed by Stephen F. Austin as seventy years of age when he and
Margaret received their league of land in Montgomery County, where the Shannons
operated the Montgomery Trading Post. Margaret was a member of the Montgomery
family for whom Montgomery County was named, and Owen was one of forty-six
veterans of the American Revolution who came to Mexican Texas. He died in 1839.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: Robin Navarro Montgomery, The History of Montgomery County
(Austin: Jenkins, 1975). Gifford E. White, 1830 Citizens of Texas (Austin: Eakin, 1983).
Harry G. Daves, Jr.

See
http://www.tsha.utexas.edu/handbook/online/articles/SS/fsh47.html.


MARGARET MONTGOMERY
1773-1854

Margaret Montgomery was born in South Carolina in 1773. Her father, John, had
emigrated from Ireland in 1735. He married shipboard, then he and his wife settled first
in Pennsylvania and then moved to North Carolina. He also acquired land in South
Carolina.

Margaret married Owen Shannon in Wilkes County, Georgia on October 12, 1792. Both
Owen and his father had served in the American Revolution and received bounty land in
Georgia for their service.

In 1822, Margaret and Owen moved to Pecan Point on the Red River, and in 1824 they
moved to the area of San Augustine, Texas. In 1827, they settled on a league of land
granted to Austin’s second colony by the Mexican Government, and Owen established
a trading post, calling it "Montgomery"—his wife’s maiden name. His son, Jacob
Shannon, had a league of land five miles west of Owen’s property and already
established a trading post that he called "Shannon".

Owen died about 1837. Tradition and some old settlers around Montgomery say Owen
was buried on the north bank of Town Creek where his trading post was located.
Margaret continued to run the trading post in Montgomery until she became ill and went
to stay with her son, Jacob. She died at his home in 1854 and was buried in the
Evergreen Cemetery near Dobbin.
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Quiz #21 Answer