with slight plaster cracking, some water tanks thrown down

5-6. Trees strongly shaken, grassland and fields appear to move in waves

6. Heavy shaking, objects moved and thrown from shelves, plaster cracked, windows
broken, some chimneys and poorly braced walls damaged, bricks thrown from
parapets, tall monuments shifted

6-7. Ground cracks on roads and hillsides, some chimneys damaged

7. Most chimneys thrown down or damaged, some masonry but no frame buildings
damaged, piles of cordwood overthrown, some headstones overturned, small landslides
and earth-slumps

7-8. Liquefaction and large lateral spreads, all chimneys thrown down

8. Well-built masonry damaged, some frame buildings shifted on their foundations,
headstones and cemetery monuments overturned, extensive ground failure and
settlement, foundations, water and gas pipes broken, railway tracks twisted

8-9. Men, horses, and cattle thrown off their feet, bridges wrecked, frame buildings
thrown from their foundations

9. Masonry and frame buildings destroyed, massive landslides, pervasive ground failure,
limbs broken from healthy trees

9-10. Trees topped, almost all headstones and cemetery monuments thrown down
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Quiz #325 Results
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1.  Afternoon of April 17, 1906, the day before the San Francisco Earthquake
(Actually analysis of shadows shows it was taken
24-26 March 1906, at 3:16:56 pm +/- 3 mins 20 sec)

2.  The Ferry Building, visible in the far distance down Market St.
The Call Building was also spared, but it is not visible in the film.

3.  A cable car.

1. What is the latest date this photograph could have been taken?  Why?
2.  What is the only original building still left?
3.  What was the camera attached to?
Answer to Quiz #325
October 9, 2011
Congratulations to Our Winners!

Nicole Blank                Don Draper
Robert W Steinmann Jr.                Arthur Hartwell
Margaret Paxton                Dennis Brann
Elaine C. Hebert                Sally Garrison
Donna Jolley                John Marquette
Margaret Waterman                Cathy Warburton
JoLynn Pfeiffer                Kelly Fetherlin
Gary Sterne                Ellie Hakala
Barbara Mroz                Carol Farrant
Margie O'Donnell                Shirley Hamblin
Milene Rawlinson                Wayne Douglas

*Bob Steinmann is a policeman in NYC;
Arthur Hartwell is a retired civil engineer.
Comments from Our Readers
My grandfather was driving a streetcar during the earthquake and barely survived as a
brick wall or chimney fell on the opposite end of the car that he occupied.  
Ellie Hakala

This one was hard at first because I had no idea where to start with a guess on the city,
but I took a chance and guessed SF because of the cable cars and from there it was
fairly easy to find a similar street scene photo.  Good quiz!                       
Nicole Blank

On first glance of this week's photo I guessed San Francisco because of the
rails (for cable cars) and thought the timing was early 1900's. Horses and cars
were competing to be 'kings of the road'. Image searches for 'San Francisco
1905' helped me to know that the street shown was Market Street. The nature of
the 2nd question suggested there had been destruction so I added 'Earthquake
fire' to my S.F. searches. The website
San-Francisco04-10.html  led me to a reproduction of a film shot in 1906 of a wild and
crazy ride along Market Street towards the Ferry Building which can be seen at the
very end of the road. The camera was attached to a cable car and I believe that the still
photo of this week's quiz was a frame from this film. The earthquake in San
Francisco happened at 5:12 a.m. on Wednesday, April 18, 1906 so the latest this
scene could have been photographed was Tuesday April 17th., 1906. On any date
after that there would be evidence of damage to buildings and fires.

The Ferry Building suffered some structural damage but did survive to this day. The
nearness of water and the efforts of the navy to douse the building helped to save it
from the fires and explosions which occurred throughout the rest of the downtown
area. The film, which is on YouTube, reveals what it was like to live in an important
growing North American city in the early 1900's. People who complain about drivers
today should see how disorderly it was nearly 100 years ago. Cars were weaving all
over the street with horse drawn buggies crossing in front. No accidents are evident in
the film but I have to believe they did happen repeatedly.                           
Don Draper

A very sad note:  they don't really have an accurate count as to the # of deaths because
the Chinese deaths didn't really count...sort of like many years later in 1948 as reported
by Woody Guthrie in his song  "Deportee" about Mexicans in Los Gatos.  Sad, sad,
Dennis Brann

I wasn't sure that I could solve this weeks puzzle as I couldn't see any clues in the
picture.  I finally thought of the cities that had gone through devastation and of course I
thought of San Francisco. I googled San Francisco - early 1900's and found a picture
that was similar to yours.  This led me to the film 'A Trip Down Market Street' by
Miles Brothers  The photo had to be taken before April 18, 1906, the date of the San
Francisco earthquake.  I believe the surviving structure is the Ferry Building.  The
camera was mounted on the front of a cable car.  It was an interesting film.
Donna Jolley
It was really interesting watching the 60 minutes video of the Market Street movie. Fun
quiz. For some reason it did not load until this morning to my computer.
Margaret Waterman
I thought the picture was San Francisco and maybe Charlie Chaplin. After some
searching I figured out it was Market Street. Then I googled "chaplin" "market street";
and found this site.
street/ I guess that the man is not Charlie.                                               Gary Sterne

San Francisco,California Great Earthquake occurred on April 18, 1906 at 5:12 am. The
weather had been dry and warm for a day or two. The film was shipped to New York
the day prior on April 17, 1906. Analysis of film shows wet streets, -- perhaps filmed a
week prior or after April 11th , when sun was shining on wet streets.       
Mike Dalton

I found [the Call Building, now known as the Central Tower] at Third Street and
Market.  AT&T occupies the ground floor and Starbucks is across the street.  It’s not
particularly attractive.  When I’m on that corner I look at the pretty building on the
other side of Third Street.                                                                   
Carol Farrant
The Call Building of San Francisco

by James R. Smith

A Puzzle within a Puzzle

Can you guess the profession of these Quizmasters
by their answer to this week's quiz?*
This is a good one because as soon as I saw the picture, I knew what
it was. I saw a segment on '60 Minutes' or 'CBS Sunday Morning'? a
few years ago and remembered doing a little web research on it. It
directed me to the full approx. 13 minute version on the National
Archives/LOC website. It's amazing to see pedestrians, pedestrians
with pets, bicyclists, horses, horse-drawn carriages, trolleys, and
early automobiles all competing for the same road-space with no
rhyme or reason to the whole thing. It's amazing to see how society's
safety standards have changed in 100 years!!! I love the kids hitching
rides on the back of cars and carriages, etc. What a loud, chaotic,
cacophony of transportation that must have been!!! I can't imagine
what it must have been like to be a traffic cop cop back then . . .
Where would you even begin to start??? (I only see 2 in the whole
film and one looks like he's picking his nose (the one towards the end
of the film inside the Terminal Building!).

There are so many almost fatal 'close calls' in this film, you stop
counting almost right away! What's also amazing,if you think about
it--How many people in the film survived the earthquake & fire?
Although most of the fatalities were due to the fire(s) as a result of
gas mains breaking [new-fangled technology] and finding a source of
ignition, and improper or inappropriate use of explosives & military
ordnance by fire officials. The frequently quoted value of 700 deaths
caused by the earthquake & fire is now believed to underestimate the
total loss of life by a factor of 3 or 4 (Probably~3000). Most of the
fatalities occurred in San Francisco, but, 189 were reported
elsewhere. In the film you can look right into some of these
individual's eyes, Nothing like putting a real face to history!!! Good
Robert W. Steinmann Jr.

I spent some time looking for clues as to what city we are looking at.
The question "what buildings are standing today" hinted at the
California 1906 earthquake. the wide flat street had to be Market
Street in San Francisco. I googled "market street before 1906" and
was sent to the 11 minute film, taken before the earth quake, shown
by 60 Minutes Replay. I then searched for market street buildings that
survived the 1906 quake. The Aftermath webpage showed the Ferry
Building surviving. One of the 39 comments about the film also
mentioned the Ferry Building, at the end of the street, survived. The
film was really interesting and showed almost all of the existing
modes of transportation: Shankes Mare(feet), horse drawn carriages,
a horse drawn tram, street cars powered by a third rail between the
wheel tracks. street cars powered by overhead wires, autos. Horse
drawn carriages went down the trolley tracks and the third rail didn't
seem to bother the horse at all. That film was extremely interesting
and a great find. To bad they didn't do the camera trick every 10
Arthur Hartwell

*Answers below list of winners.

San Francisco Earthquake and Fire from Red Channels on Vimeo.

Videos Before and After the Great San Francisco Earthquake
April 18, 1906
Richard L. Greene's Analysis of the Time and Date
based on the Shadows on the Facade of the Ferry Building

Dating the Filming of “A Trip Down Market Street”
Richard L. Greene
Photogrammetric Engineering & Remote Sensing
Vol. 77, No, 8, August 2011, pp. 839–848.

Click here.
From the San Francisco Call / Thursday, March 29, 1906. Page 7.


Miles Brothers Would Show Moving Pictures in the East.

Miles Brothers yesterday asked permission of the United Railroads for the use of a
street car one day this week in order to obtain moving pictures of Market street. It is
the purpose of the picture men to exhibit these pictures throughout the eastern cities of
the United States and also throughout Europe. General Manager Chapman of the United
Railroads took the matter under advisement with a promise to give his answer soon.

Miles Brothers declare that the pictures they -desire to take will greatly benefit San
Francisco in particular and California as a whole. They wish to take pictures of other
cities on the coast as well and to show them. They have tried to take them from the
front end of an automobile but the vibratory motion is so severe that the films are
blurred and so print indistinctly.

Miles Brothers say that San Francisco has been painted by writers as a beautiful city,
but that few pictures of its beauties have circulated over the world. They say that the
few pictures now on exhibition are mostly of Chinatown and of the Italian quarter.
Market street is, they say, one of the greatest streets in the world, and they propose to
have the world learn of its magnificence.
A Trip Down Market Street - a 1907 Newspaper Article
Collected by Joe Thompson

This article, from The San Francisco Call, Saturday, April 20, 1907, just a year after
the Earthquake and Fire, tells about what may have been the world premiere of the
movie now know as "A Trip Down Market Street". The film was shot from the front of
a United Railroads cable car as it ran down Market Street towards the Ferry Building. It
makes one appreciate current traffic laws. What remains of the film is available for
download from the Library of Congress' American Memory Project

From the San Francisco Call / Saturday, April 20, 1907. Page 9.


Record-Breaking Applause and Tears Are Caused by Kinetoscope

A view of Market street before the fire, from the front of a cable car traveling from
Castro street to the ferries, was shown by the moving picture machine at the Orpheum
theater Thursday night and won the greatest applause that the Orpheum has known
since its reopening, the enthusiasm being mingled with tears of many in the audience
who knew and loved the busy thoroughfare depicted on the screen before them.

The picture was presented during the intermission in the middle of the performance,
and was intended merely as a special feature in recognition of the anniversary of the
fire. But while hearty cheers greeted the familiar scenes as they followed one after the
other, the pathos of the ravages of the great fire touched many hearts and there were
tears in the eyes of scores of onlookers.

Every well known building and corner shown in the moving picture won applause, but
the Palace hotel, the Sutter street horsecar seen crossing the city's main artery at the
Sutter junction and the final view up Market street were greeted with outbursts of hand
clapping which broke the Orpheum record for plaudits.

The film for the picture was taken just prior to the fire and had never been shown
before. It was intended to use it only once, Thursday night, but the demands made
yesterday for a repetition caused the managers of the theater to decide to continue the
picture at every performance this week and next.
MMI Coutour Map for the 1906
Earthquake from Stover nd Coffman (1993)
Lawson’s (1908) Descriptions of
Shaking and Damage in the 1906
Earthquake Associated with
Modified Mercalli Intensities

1. Not felt

2. Felt by people at rest, but not miners
in works, lamps and open doors
swing, some pendulum clocks stopped

2-3. Slight shock

3. Felt by most people, usually for a
short duration (< 20 s), direction of
motion described

4. Light shaking, most sleepers
awakened, doors and windows rattled,
longer duration (>30 s) and variability
of motion described, water thrown
from horse-troughs, water tanks, and

5. Moderate shaking, objects shifted,
milk spilled from pans, houses rocked
Three surviving structures in the
Financial District can be seen in this
dramatic photo. At far left is the Kohl
Building on Montgomery Street, the
Merchants' Exchange Building on
California and, in the center of the
picture, the Mills Building on
This photograph by Arnold Genthe
shows Sacramento Street and
approaching fire. (from Steinbrugge
Collection of the UC Berkeley
Earthquake Engineering Research
This photograph, taken by George
Lawrence from a series of kites five
weeks after the great earthquake of
April 18, 1906, shows the devastation
brought on the city of San Francisco by
the quake and subsequent fire. The
view is looking over Nob Hill toward
business district, South of the Slot, and
the distant Mission. The Fairmont
Hotel, far left. dwarfs the Call Building.
(photo courtesy of Harry Myers).
San Francisco City Hall after the 1906
Earthquake. (from Steinbrugge Collection of the
UC Berkeley Earthquake Engineering Research
All Kinds of Cool Information about the 1906 San Francisco Earthquake

Berkeley Seismology Laboratory
San Francisco Daily News’ April 18th Edition

The San Franciso Daily News was the only newspaper
to publish on April 18. Clearly, from writing and editing
to manual typesetting, it was a rushed and hurried job,
and there were substantive factual errors. Seventh and
Valencia streets, as an example, do not intersect, but,
for the most part, the information contained in the
newspaper was later validated by researchers. For the
record, Seventeenth and Valencia do intersect, and it
was one block from the ill-fated Valencia Hotel where
some of the worst earthquake damage occurred.

The Daily News’ plant, downtown, lost power and
water in the earthquake, and moved to J.V. Rooney’s
small printing shop at 1308 Mission Street, where this edition was turned out on a
hand-cranked press capable of printing single sheets. New editions were printed until
the shop was ordered evacuated because it was to be dynamited.
More Earquake and Fire Newspaper Clippings
The Call Building on Market
Street burning on April 18, 1906.

Read more about the Call
This is a weather  chart from Alexander
McAdie SFO meterologist of the day for
month of April, 1906.           
 Mike Dalton