June 24, 1893 - In Chicago, Illinois, Roy Oliver ("Roy Disney") is born to Elias and Flora Disney.
December 5, 1901 - Walter Elias ("Walt Disney") is born at 1249 Tripp Avenue, in Chicago, Illinois, to parents Elias and Flora Disney. Walter is named after Reverend Walter Parr.
1910 - Elias Disney and family move to Kansas City, Missouri. Walt Disney is enrolled in Benton Grammar School.
1915 - Walt Disney attends the Kansas City Art Institute.
June 8, 1917 - Walt Disney graduates from Benton School (8th grade).
Fall, 1917 - Walt enrolls in the McKinley High School in Chicago. Walt begins taking night courses at the Chicago Institute of Art.
1918 - Walt completes his freshman year at McKinley High School and buys his first movie camera.
August 26, 1918 - Walt forges his parents' signatures, and enlists in the American Ambulance Corps, part of the Red Cross. Walt alters the document, changing his birth year from 1901 to 1900.
1919 - Walt and Ubbe Iwwerks (later Ubbe Iwerks) form a company called Iwerks-Disney Commercial Artists. The name is later changed to Ub Iwerks.
March, 1928 - Ub Iwerks modifies Walt Disney's "Oswald The Lucky Rabbit" character, turning him into Mickey Mouse. Iwerks begins work on the first Mickey Mouse cartoon.
May, 1928 - Walt Disney's first silent film featuring Mickey Mouse, "Plane Crazy" premieres as a sneak preview at a theatre on Sunset Boulevard, in Los Angeles, California. It cost US$1772.89 to make. Minnie Mouse also debuts. Walt Disney applies for a trademark for "Mickey Mouse" for use in motion pictures. Walt Disney's trademark application for "Mickey Mouse" is filed with the United States Patent Office. Walt Disney copyrights the film "Plane Crazy".
July, 1928 - The Mickey Mouse film, "Steamboat Willie" is delivered to the distributor. Production begins on the Mickey Mouse film, "Steamboat Willie". This is the first cartoon designed for use with a soundtrack. Walt, Ub, Wilfred Jackson, and Johnny Cannon provide the music, voices, and sound effects for a test showing of "Steamboat Willie".
September, 1928 - Walt hires an orchestra in New York to record the soundtrack for "Steamboat Willie". Walt Disney's "Mickey Mouse" trademark application is granted. A musical score for "Steamboat Willie" is completed, and Walt Disney heads to New York to have it recorded. The Mickey Mouse film "Steamboat Willie" is completed.
1928 - Walt meets with Charles Mintz and the directors of Universal Pictures to hear their offer to have Walt join them. Walt refuses.
December 31, 1929 - The Silly Symphony film "The Skeleton Dance" is shows as a sneak preview at Hollywood's Carthay Circle Theater.
January 13, 1930 - The first Mickey Mouse comic strip is published, in the New York Mirror. The strip is initially written by Walt Disney and drawn by Ub Iwerks.
January 21, 1930 - Ub Iwerks informs Roy Disney that he wishes to leave the Disney Company. Disney buys his 20% share of the company for $2920.00 in US dollars.
1930 - Walt contacts MGM studio head Louis Mayer about signing with Disney for distribution of its films. Initially Mayer agrees, but changes his mind when Pat Powers threatens to sue anyone who interfered with his exclusive contract of the rights to Disney's films. Walt contacts Columbia Pictures studio head Harry Cohn, who agrees to distribute Disney's films. Pat Powers sues, Cohn countersues, and Powers backs off. In February of 1930, Columbia begins advancing Disney $7000.00 per cartoon.
1933 - Walt goes to New York to negotiate with Harry Cohn of Columbia Pictures for an increase in cartoon advances, from $7500 to $15,000 each. Harry Cohn refuses, and tears up their existing contract.
March 16, 1934 - An Academy Award (Short Subjects, Cartoons) is won for the film "Three Little Pigs".
August, 1934 - Walt suggests 50 possible names for the dwarfs in the film "Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs".
September 24, 1937 - The Mickey Mouse film "Hawaiian Holiday" is released. Donald Duck, Pluto, Minnie Mouse, and Goofy also appear.
December 21, 1937 - Disney's first full-length animated feature film "Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs" premieres at the Carthay Circle Theatre in Hollywood. It is the industry's first full-length animated movie. The $1.5 million needed to complete the film nearly bankrupted the company. Two million drawings make up the 83 minute film.
August, 1938 - Walt and Roy Disney pay a 10% deposit on a $100,000 51 acre property on Buena Vista Street in Burbank for a new studio. In its first six months "Snow White" grosses $2 million.
1939 - A Mickey Mouse watch is sealed in the World's Fair time capsule buried in New York.
February 7, 1940 - The animated feature film "Pinocchio" premieres at the Central Theatre in New York. It cost $2.6 million to produce.
April 2, 1940 - Walt Disney Productions first offers shares in the company to the public. 155,000 shares of preferred stock are offered at $25 per share and 600,000 of common stock for $5 per share.
1940 - The Disney Studios' debt reaches $4.5 million.
February 19, 1941 - The film "Fantasia" opens in Chicago, Illinois.
February 27, 1941 - An Academy Award (Music, Best Song) is won for the song "When You Wish Upon a Star" from the film "Pinocchio". An Academy Award (Music, Best Score) is won for the film "Pinocchio".
May 29, 1941 - 293 Disney animators, members of the Screen Cartoonists Guild, stage a strike of the Disney Studios. More than 1000 picketers appear in the first hour.
July 1941 - US President Franklin Roosevelt sends federal labor conciliator Stanley White to Hollywood, to try to work out a settlement of the Disney workers' strike. The Printing Council forces the temporary withdrawal of the "Mickey Mouse" comic strip from its member newspapers, in support of the Disney strikers. Technicolor Corporation announces its refusal to process Disney film until the studio recognizes the Cartoonists Guild.
September 14, 1941 - The strike at the Disney studio officially ends.
1941 - Walt's father Elias Disney dies.
1942 - Disney produces the film "Food Will Win the War" for the National Film Board of Canada. It cost $20,000 to make. Disney produces the film "Out of the Frying Pan into the Firing Line" for the Conservation Division of the War Production Board.
January, 1945 - Walt resigns as president of Walt Disney Productions. He appoints Roy as new president.
1946 - Disney announces planned layoffs of over 400 employees of a staff of 1000.
March 20, 1948 - An Academy Award (Song) is won for the song "Zip-A-Dee-Doo-Dah" in the film "Song of the South".
August 31, 1948 - Walt circulates a memo in the studio describing ideas for an amusement park, which he calls "Mickey Mouse Park".
1948 - Facing a debt of $4 million, Walt accepts an offer from distributor RKO Pictures and new owner Howard Hughes, of a $1 million interest-free loan in exchange for rights to the Disney inventory of films for educational uses.
March, 1949 - The Soviet Union announces a purge of all Disney films, accusing Walt of attempting to infiltrate Russia with his propaganda.
October, 1949 - The Walt Disney Music Company is formed, for sheet music sales.
December 25, 1950 - The first Disney TV special "One Hour in Wonderland" airs on NBC, sponsored by the Coca-Cola Company. Walt Disney and several Disney cartoon characters make their TV debut. The show previews portions of the film "Alice in Wonderland".
December, 1952 - Walt Disney forms Walt Disney Incorporated, to develop ideas for a "family park" to be called "Disneyland".
February 8, 1953 - Walt Disney appears on TV as a guest on Toast of the Town.
July, 1953 - Walt Disney commissions the Stanford Research Institute to advise on best location for the Disneyland park. Walt Disney meets with ABC president Leonard Goldenson, to negotiate a deal for ABC to benefit from Disney's name and inventory of films, in exchange for financing Disneylandia.
September, 1953 - Walt discusses his plans for Disneylandia with Herb Ryman, convincing him to draw a visual image of the park. The meeting is on a Saturday, and the drawing is needed for a Monday meeting with TV network executives in New York.
1953 - Disney establishes Buena Vista Distribution Company as Disney's film distributor.
April, 1954 - Disney and ABC sign an agreement regarding the building of Disneylandia. ABC advances Disney $500,000 in cash, and guarantees all WED bank loans. In exchange, ABC receives 35% ownership of Disneylandia, 100% of all profits from the park's food concessions for 10 years, and an 8-year commitment from Disney for use of its inventory of films to be shown in a one-hour television program. Walt announces that Disneylandia would open in July, 1955. At the suggestion of ABC, Walt changes the name of Disneylandia to Disneyland.
July 21, 1954 - The ground is broken for the beginning of building the Magic Kingdom of Disneyland.
August, 1954 - Excavation of the Disneyland site begins.
October 27, 1954 - The first "Disneyland" TV show debuts on Wednesday night on ABC TV. The episode is titled "The Disneyland Story". Approximately 30.8 million American viewers watch the show.
1955 - In New York, NBC president David Sarnoff tells Walt, "Television will never be a medium of entertainment.". Walt Disney grants Jack Wrather a 99 year license agreement to use the Disney name on any hotel in southern California. Orange County plumbers and asphalt workers stage a strike, threatening to delay the tight schedule of building Disneyland.
March 30, 1955 - An Academy Award (Art Direction - Set Decoration, Color) is won for the film "20,000 Leagues Under the Sea". An Academy Award (Special Effects) is won for the film "20,000 Leagues Under the Sea".
March, 1955 - Walt Disney comes up with the name "Mouseketeers" for members of the Mickey Mouse Club.
July 17, 1955 - Disneyland opens, in Anaheim, California. 15,000 guests were invited, but attendance for the day is recorded as 28,154. Based on an initial US$10,000 for planning, the final cost is $17 million to build. The opening is broadcast live on ABC. The Red Wagon Inn restaurant opens in Adventureland at Disneyland. The Refreshment Corner, on Main Street, USA opens in Disneyland. Disney's Mark Twain riverboat is christened in Disneyland.
July 18, 1955 - Disneyland opens to the public with admission costing just $1. Cost of attractions ranged from 10 to 35 cents.
August, 1955 - The "20,000 Leagues Under the Sea" attraction opens in Tomorrowland at Disneyland. The "Dumbo Flying Elephants" ride opens in Fantasyland at Disneyland.
September, 1955 - Disneyland welcomes its one millionth visitor.
October, 1955 - The Disneyland Hotel opens on a 60-acre site next to Disneyland.
October 3, 1955 - Disney's second TV show is launched, "The Mickey Mouse Club", on the ABC network. It is a daily series, showing cartoons and introducing the talents of the "Mouseketeers".
April, 1956 - The "Bathroom of Tomorrow" attraction opens in Tomorrowland at Disneyland.
June, 1956 - The "Skyway to Tomorrowland" begins operation in Fantasyland at Disneyland.
July, 1956 - Walt attends "Walt Disney Day" in his childhood hometown of Marceline, where he dedicates a public swimming pool that is part of a ten-acre park named in his honor. Actor Kirk Douglas sues Walt Disney for use of home movie footage of Kirk and his two sons at Walt Disney's home. The suit is later dropped.
August, 1956 - The "Main Street Omnibus #1" begins operation in Disneyland.
November 11, 1956 - Walt Disney appears as a guest of the TV show "What's My Line?".
April, 1957 - The "Sleeping Beauty Castle Walk-Through" attraction opens in Disneyland, showing a 3-D portrayal of the story of Sleeping Beauty.
December, 1957 - The "Main Street Omnibus #2" begins operation in Disneyland.
June, 1958 - The "Alice in Wonderland" ride opens in Disneyland.
1958 - ABC changes the name of Disney's TV show from "Disneyland" to "Walt Disney Presents". The first "Christmas in Many Lands" parade is held at Disneyland.
June 14, 1959 - The "Disneyland-Alweg Monorail System" begins operation in Tomorrowland at Disneyland. It represents the first urban monorail system in the USA. The "Matterhorn Mountain" with its "Matterhorn Bobsleds" ride opens in Fantasyland at Disneyland. The "Submarine Voyage" ride at Disneyland opens. It cost about $2.5 million to create.
1959 - The "Mickey Mouse Club" TV show is cancelled.
March, 1960 - The Circle-Vision film "America the Beautiful" opens in Tomorrowland at Disneyland.
1960 - Disney sues the ABC TV network for the right to take their shows elsewhere, and buys ABC's one-third interest in Disneyland for $7.5 million.
April 25, 1961 - Walt and Roy pay off all existing loans.
June, 1961 - The Disneyland Monorail is extended to the Disneyland Hotel.
September 24, 1961 - Disney's TV show changes names from "Walt Disney Presents" to "Walt Disney's Wonderful World of Color" and debuts in color on NBC.
1961 - Disneyland welcomes its 24 millionth guest.
1962 - A group of Audio-Animatronics elephants in the Elephant Bathing Pool are added to the Jungle Cruise at Disneyland.
June 23, 1963 - The "Enchanted Tiki Room" opens in Adventureland at Disneyland, with the debut of Audio-Animatronics.
November, 1963 - Walt and others take a plane trip across the US, to make a final selection of location for a second theme park. Central Florida is chosen.
1963 - Pepsi-Cola asks Walt Disney to create a pavilion for the 1964-65 New York World's Fair.
April 22, 1964 - The New York World's Fair opens. Walt Disney's WED company constructed pavilions for: Ford ("Magic Skyway"); General Electric ("Progressland"); the state of Illinois ("Great Moments with Mr. Lincoln") and Pepsi-Cola ("It's a Small World").
May 2, 1964 - The Illinois Pavilion opens at the New York World's Fair, with Disney's "Great Moments with Mr. Lincoln" operating flawlessly.
May, 1964 - The first death in Disneyland is recorded. 15-year old Mark Maples stands up while on the Matterhorn Bobsleds ride, and is catapulted out. He dies four days after the incident.
August 27, 1964 - The live-action and animated film "Mary Poppins" premieres at Grauman's Chinese Theater in Hollywood.
1964 - Walt Disney begins developing concepts for EPCOT center.
April 5, 1965 - Julie Andrews wins an Academy Award (Actress) for her role in the film "Mary Poppins". An Academy Award (Music, Song) is won for the song "Chim Chim Cher-ee" in the film "Mary Poppins". An Academy Award (Music, Music Score - Substantially Original) is won for the film "Mary Poppins". An Academy Award (Film Editing) is won for the film "Mary Poppins". An Academy Award (Special Visual Effects) is won for the film "Mary Poppins".
October, 1965 - Disney planners have acquired 27,443 acres (43 square miles) in central Florida, at a cost of just over $5 million.
November 15, 1965 - Walt and Roy Disney, and Florida Governor Hayden Bruns make the first public announcement of plans to build a new theme park in Florida.
1965 - Ron Miller buys the rights to A.A. Milne's "Winnie the Pooh" characters.
January 1, 1966 - Walt serves as Grand Marshal of the Tournament of the Roses parade in Padadena, California.
May 28, 1966 - The "It's a Small World" attraction opens in Fantasyland at Disneyland.
September 19, 1966 - Walt Disney gives his last press conference, regarding development of the Mineral King ski resort, in southern California.
October, 1966 - Walt gives a press conference, and describes his plans for building an Experimental Prototype Community of Tomorrow, EPCOT.
November 2, 1966 - X-rays detect a cancerous spot on Walt Disney's left lung.
November 7, 1966 - Walt is admitted to St. Joseph's Hospital, in Burbank, for surgery.
November 8, 1966 - In hospital, Walt's left lung is removed, and found to be full of cancerous tumors.
November 30, 1966 - Walt collapses at his home, is revived by medics, and is readmitted to hospital.
December 15, 1966 - Walt Disney dies of acute circulatory collapse, caused by lung cancer, at age 65. He had won more than 950 honors and citations worldwide, including 48 Academy Awards and 7 Emmys. Roy O. Disney, president of Walt Disney Productions, is named chairman. Donn Tatum becomes president, and Card Walker is appointed executive vice president for operations. FBI director Hoover orders Walt Disney's name removed from the FBI's records as an active SAC contact.
December 16, 1966 - A private service is held by Walt's immediate family at Little Church of the Flowers of Forest Lawn Memorial Park, in Glendale, California.
October 25, 1971 - The Magic Kingdom opens at Walt Disney World in Orlando, Florida. The park is dedicated by Roy Disney to his brother Walt.
December 20, 1971 - Roy Disney dies.
1982 - EPCOT (Experimental Prototype Community of Tomorrow) opens at Walt Disney World in Orlando, Florida. EPCOT features 2 distinct areas - Future World & World Showcase.
1989 - Disney / MGM Studios (the 3rd Theme Park) opens at Walt Disney World.
April 1998 - The Animal Kingdom at Walt Disney World opens.
How Collier and Carol Solved the Puzzle
It's a little early for Halloween costumes, but here's a great photo from the Disneyland staff cafeteria in 1961. We're guessing the shot is staged, since Goofy and the astronaut would have a hard time eating with their headgear on, but there's a chance that the smiles are genuine, or at least highly trained. A Disney employee manual from 1962, a year after this photo was taken, has an entire section on how to perform an "Honest Smile":
A smile cannot be painted on, like lipstick. You can't turn it on and off like a water faucet. And, in fact, a "forced smile"...the "grin and bear it" type may be worse than none at all.
You've got to have an honest smile. It's got to come from within. And...to accomplish this...you've got to develop a sense of humor and a genuine interest in people.
But, in case you can't develop a genuine interest in people, Disney helpfully provided "a few tricks":
Don't take yourself too seriously:
One reason people can't smile with others is because they can't smile at themselves. The first lesson in smiling...have a good laugh at yourself. You're a bit funny (or dumb) yourself sometimes.
A frown won't help:
Maybe if you are a judge or the villain in a play, a frown or grimace will help you in your work. But generally it won't do anything but harm, and particularly at Disneyland..... the Happiest Kingdom in the World.
And most importantly:
You get paid for smiling:
If nothing else helps... remember that you get paid for smiling. You don't have to laugh -- just smile.
Method: I happened to instantly recognize Snow White and Goofy, and deduced the cafeteria must be at Disneyland or World. Googling "employee cafeteria Disneyland"; turned up your photo right off.
Well, I recognize Goofy and Snow White. I found the image (reversed) on-line and identified as "Disneyland Cafeteria in 1961". The accompanying text suggests it is the employee cafeteria. Elsewhere it is identified as the Cast Member cafeteria in the back of the Red Wagon Inn circa 1961. I know that the earliest date it could have been taken is when the last of the characters was introduced by Disney after Disneyland was created in 1955. Disneyland was dedicated July 15, 1955. Snow White and Goofy predate Disneyland. If the Indian is from Peter Pan, that, too, predates Disneyland. The Indian could be a character from Frontierland. The astronaut could be from Tomorrowland. It's the little girl with the lei that is throwing me. I can't figure out what "land" she would have been in. And Lilo & Stitch didn't come out until 2002. So, I'll just give up on what could have been the earliest possible date and stick with circa 1961.
In my search I came across pictures of the Monsanto House of the Future. I loved that when I first saw it. If it were to still exist, today it would be considered out dated. I wish I could remember the specifics of the interior to see what actually came to be a part of the everyday household.
If you have a picture you'd like us to feature a picture in a future quiz, please email it to us at CFitzp@aol.com. If we use it, you will receive a free analysis of your picture. You will also receive a free Forensic Genealogy CD or a 10% discount towards the purchase of the Forensic Genealogy book.
If you enjoy our quizzes, don't forget to order our books! Click here.
1. What is the earliest date this picture could have been taken?
2. Where was it taken? (In what room?)
3. Name at least two of the characters in the picture.
1. July 15, 1955
2. The Backstage Cafeteria at Disneyland
3. Most notably: Snow White and Goofy
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Comments from Our Readers
btw just found out that there is a Walt Disney family museum at Presidio in San Francisco
***** Very clever to reverse the photo, but Disney cafeteria took me to the solution. I will enter the answers on the website.
***** About the date...It has to be after 1932 since Goofy was "invented" then and it has to be after 1937 since Snow White as a Disney character was "invented" then and it has to be after WWII since melamine food trays were "invented" then and it has to be after July 17, 1955 since Disneyland was "invented" then. I believe it was taken in 1961. It was taken in the Disneyland cafeteria in CA. Goofy is all set to chow down as is Snow White. Notice that Snow White does not have an apple on her tray!!!
***** I always dreamed of going to DL as a kid. Wasn't until my graduation from Stanford that I made the trip. Still a thrill!
***** May of 1961. Astronauts came into public eye.
***** My first search on Google led me to an article about not having trays in cafeterias. I kept looking and found this article: www.bonappetit.com/blog...The author of this article believes the photo is staged (pointing out that Goofy and the astronaut would not be eating with their headgear on).
***** My parents took our family to Disneyland for my 5th birthday (August 1, 1956) and I even got a picture of myself in Walt Disney's driveway!!! I cried last week when I read that Annette had passed away!!
Elaine C. Hebert
***** My granddaughter just celebrated her 5th birthday at Disneyland. She looked so cute in her white bridal mouse ears climbing a rock mountain.
I have terror dreams about my ride on Space Mtn. about Dec. 1969/70. You were required to take your glasses off. There were health requirements for entering the ride (no pregnant women, no bad heart conditions ...). The ride went up and down horribly fast. I could feel the heat of the flames. At the end, I crawled out of my seat and onto the walk for quite a few feet. That put an end to all future roller coaster type rides for me. I truly felt I was descending into Hell. I think the speed of the ride was later reduced as many people had similar reactions. The Small World ride had its problems too. We were holed up for over 30 minutes listening to that annoying tune when the ride broke down.
But, I still love Disney. Go to the Disney Museum in San Francisco when you can. It is an innovative telling of the Disney story and is aimed at adults.
***** I took my kids twice to Disneyworld and my granddaughter once and also once to SeaWorld. I will hire someone to take my grandsons there when they are old enough!! It is my idea of a very slow torture!!
I am rather Goofy, so the puzzle was great!
***** But the picture was probably taken closer to 1960-1961 because there's a spaceman in it, and it might have been around the time the space program was getting started. On the other hand, Disney was a forward-thinking organization and may have anticipated the astronauts by a few years.
Disneyland opened on July 17, 1955 (I remember the date since that was my older brother's 10th birthday) so I assume that the employee cafeteria opened on that date (this is a rough assumption - this posed photo could have been taken before or after the actual park opening date). In addition, the room appears to be too utilitarian to be a visitor facility. Notice the Sunkist Lemonade dispenser - Sunkist was a Disneyland sponsor (they ran the Sunkist Citrus House on Main Street) so of course only Sunkist products were sold throughout the park.
***** I must be even more senile than I thought, because I spent several hours looking for photos of motion picture studio commissaries before it struck me that the cartoon characters were real people and I realized it must be Disneyland. If that's Sleeping Beauty, then the earliest date is 1959. This is the employee's cafeteria at Disneyland which, from the expressions on the faces of the people in the foreground, must have been a slap-happy place to work. That's Sleeping Beauty (I think) in the front and Goofy in the rear.