Kaiser Wilhelm II, King George V, and The Duke of Connaught on horseback during the funeral procession of Edward VII May 10, 1910
Look-alikes Nicholas II of Russia and George V of England
Queen Victoria, and Albert with Nicholas and Alexandra of Russia wth their daughter Grand Duchess Olga c. 1896
If the photo were to have been recreated exactly one hundred years later, in May 2010, with all heirs to the nine kings assembled and sitting or standing in the same places, the following individuals would have been required, in most cases no more than two generations removed:
Standing, L-R: King Harald V of Norway (grandson of Haakon VII), King Simeon II of Bulgaria (grandson of Ferdinand I), Dom Duarte Duke of Braganza (third cousin once removed of Manuel II), Prince Georg Friedrich of Prussia (great-great-grandson of Wilhelm II), King Constantine II of Greece (great-grandson of George I), King Albert II of Belgium (grandson of Albert I). Seated, L-R: King Juan Carlos I of Spain (grandson of Alfonso XIII), Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom (granddaughter of George V), Queen Margrethe II of Denmark (great-granddaughter of Frederik VIII).
The Nine Kings' Heirs a Century Later, in order of seniority:
A fortnight earlier, on May 6, 1910, the 68-year-old King Edward VII had died after a nine-year reign. Known invariably as Edward the Caresser or Edward the Peacemaker, he had been “Uncle of Europe” — the German Kaiser, the Russian Tsar, the Norwegian King, and the Dukes of Hesse, Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, and Brunswick were his nephews; his sisters married the kings of Hellenes and Denmark respectively. Kings of Belgium, Portugal and Bulgaria were his second cousins.
This grand royal family gathered in late May for Edward’s funeral. There were twelve crowned heads and forty- seven imperial, royal, apostolic, or serene highnesses. A lone commoner was the former president Teddy Roosevelt representing the United States, who was allocated almost to the last of the procession. Preceding
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TinEye Alert You can find this photo on TinEye.com, but the quiz will be a lot more fun if you solve the puzzle on your own.
1. The funeral of Edward VII of England, May 20, 1910
2. Rt to left back row:
King Haakon VII of Norway King Ferdinand of Bulgaria King Mauel of Portugal Kaiser Wilhelm II of the German Empire King George of the Hellnesa(Greece) King Albert I of the Belgians
Seated right to left King Alfonso XIII of Spain King Emperor George V of the Great Britain King Frederick VIII of Denmark
3. King Manuel II, age 21
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Rebecca Bare Jackie McCarty Arthur Hartwell Marcelle Comeau Nancy Nalle-McKenzie Donna Jolley Carol Stansell Dennis Brann Justin Campoli Debbie Johnson Grace Hertz, Mary, and Jamey Turney of the Fletcher Clan Fame Dale Cheetham Kelly Fetherlin Collier Smith Daniel Jolley Janice M. Sellers Jim Kiser Nelsen Spickard Sharon Martin Janice M. Sellers Margaret L. Paxton Judy Pfaff Robert and Donald McKenna, QPL and Son
***** First half of the 20th century was tough on Kings. Interesting that there were ten kingdoms at that time.
***** I at first thought this was Tsar Nicholas only to find out he was the only one missing. I used as a search term 9 in full military dress and was able to find the picture and article Monarchy's last hurrah.
***** Check out how much George V looks like Czar Nicholas II if you get a chance...they were cousins (I guess he wasn't invited to the funeral)
***** I'm well acquainted with this picture so just googled Edward VII of England pic with 9 kings and it came up. (Glad you're back. I always get concerned about you when the quiz doesn't change weekly.)
***** It should be noted that the pictures featured in this week's quiz is a mirror image of the one featured at Wikipedia. Based on only the overlap of the single breasted jackets - it would appear that the quiz picture is the one which is reversed.
***** Without the need for any research I recognise/remember that that the occasion at which the nine kings gathered was the funeral of Queen Victoria. Can’t remember off hand who was the youngest.
Ooops! A quick google search reveals that I was wrong! It was the funeral of Victoria’s son King Edward.
Janice M. Sellers
***** Have you seen "The Lost Prince"? There is a wonderful scene where two princes are looking out the palace window and one is pointing out all the royalty of Europe --who are all related.
***** Those kings didn't look too comfortable with all that ceremonial garb on. I saw some other pictures of the parade through the streets. The movies didn't have any sound. I hope it was a cool day for them.
My method: I googled "nine princes" and got no pertinent results, so I thought, "well, maybe they are kings instead"..Sure enough, google-image for "nine kings" gives your image, the names and the occasion. Then, it's just a matter of tracking down each one on Wiki to see who was born last. I narrowed the search first by eliminating the older-looking gents.
Added note: I suspect this might have been the last time so many kings were assembled.
***** The youngest was probably King Manuel II of Portegal as he was born in 1889. Too easy for me. I thought there were too many Royals for one family and I knew a lot of monarchs ended their reign around WWI so I googled "9 Royal's in one Photograph" and it was the first hit.
The Funeral Procession Roosevelt in Eighth Carriage Lunches with King Afterward NY Times article May 21, 1910
him was the largest gathering of the European royals, but reinstated in 1975.
This was their last hurrah. Austria-Hungary was represented at the funeral by Archduke Franz Ferdinand, who assassination four years later would precipitate a world war which would sweep away many monarchies. Within five years, Britain and Belgium would be at war with Germany and Bulgaria. Of the nine sovereigns pictured, four would be deposed and one assassinated.A revolution overthrew the Portuguese king just five months later. George of Greece had been assassinated in 1913 and his son abdicated in 1922.
This photo of the decorated and mustachioed men was taken by the Royal Warrant holders, W. & D. Downey. [It] very well may be the only photograph of nine reigning kings ever taken. Only five of the nine monarchies represented still exist today: Norway, Spain (thanks to a restoration after nearly half a century without a king), the United Kingdom, Denmark, and Belgium. Oddly, the four sovereigns whose monarchies would not survive the twentieth century (Bulgaria, Portugal, Germany, and Greece) all stood together. It would not be possible to take a photograph of nine reigning European kings today, as there are only seven kingdoms remaining, three of which are currently headed by queens regnant.
The German Kaiser, the Austrian Emperor, and the Russian Tsar were all forced to abdicate after losing the war. The Tsar and his family were killed by the Bolsheviks after Britain and her king refused to rescue them (fearing a revolution at home). Another losing combatant of the WWI, Ferdinand of Bulgaria abdicated in order to save the throne for his son Boris. The kingdom tottered on in a weakened state until the Second World War. Alfonso of Spain fled his country when the Second Spanish Republic was proclaimed in 1931; his descendants still rule the country after the monarchy was
Edward VII (Albert Edward; 9 November 1841 – 6 May 1910) was King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions and Emperor of India from 22 January 1901 until his death in 1910. He was the first British monarch of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, which was renamed the House of Windsor by his son, George V.
Before his accession to the throne, he served as heir apparent and held the title of Prince of Wales for longer than any of his predecessors. During the long reign of his mother, Queen Victoria, he was largely excluded from political power and came to personify the fashionable, leisured elite.
The Edwardian era, which covered Edward's reign and was named after him, coincided with the start of a new century and heralded significant changes in technology and society, including powered flight and the rise of socialism. Edward played a role in the modernisation of the British Home Fleet, the reform of the Army Medical Services, and the reorganisation of the British Army after the Second Boer War. Edward fostered good relations between Great Britain and other European countries, especially France, for which he was popularly called "Peacemaker."
Edward was born at 10:48 in the morning on 9 November 1841 in Buckingham Palace. He was the eldest son and second child of Queen Victoria and her husband (and first cousin) Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. He was christened Albert Edward at St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, on 25 January 1842. He was named Albert after his father and Edward after his maternal grandfather Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn. He was known as Bertie to the family throughout his life.
As the eldest son of the British sovereign, he was automatically Duke of Cornwall and Duke of Rothesay at birth. As a son of Prince Albert, he also held the titles of Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and Duke of Saxony. He was created Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester on 8 December 1841, Earl of Dublin on 17 January 1850, a Knight of the Garter on 9 November 1858, and a Knight of the Thistle on 24 May 1867. In 1863, he renounced his succession rights to the Duchy of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha in favour of his younger brother, Prince Alfred.
In September 1861, Edward was sent to Germany, supposedly to watch military manoeuvres, but actually in order to engineer a meeting between him and Princess Alexandra of Denmark, the eldest daughter of Prince Christian of Denmark and his wife Louise. Queen Victoria and Prince Albert had already decided that Edward and
Alexandra should marry. They met at Speyer on 24 September under the auspices of his elder sister, Victoria, who had married the Crown Prince of Prussia Edward's elder sister, acting upon instructions from their mother, had met Princess Alexandra at Strelitz in June; the young Danish princess made a very favourable impression. Edward and Alexandra were friendly from the start; the meeting went well for both sides, and marriage plans advanced.
From this time, Edward gained a reputation as a playboy. Determined to get some army experience, Edward attended manoeuvres in Ireland, during which an actress, Nellie Clifden, was hidden in his tent by his fellow officers. Prince Albert, though ill, was appalled and
Albert Edward as a child.
visited Edward at Cambridge to issue a reprimand. Albert died in December 1861 just two weeks after the visit. Queen Victoria was inconsolable, wore mourning clothes for the rest of her life and blamed Edward for his father's death. At first, she regarded her son with distaste as frivolous, indiscreet and irresponsible. She wrote to her eldest daughter, "I never can, or shall, look at him without a shudder."
Once widowed, Queen Victoria effectively withdrew from public life. Shortly after Prince Albert's death, she arranged for Edward to embark on an extensive tour of the Middle East, visiting Egypt, Jerusalem, Damascus, Beirut and Constantinople. In part political, the British Government wanted Edward to secure the friendship of Egypt's ruler, Said Pasha, to prevent French control of the Suez Canal if the Ottoman Empire collapsed. It was the first Royal Tour on which an official photographer, Francis Bedford, was in attendance.
As soon as he returned to Britain, preparations were made for his engagement, which was sealed at Laeken in Belgium on 9 September 1862. Edward and Alexandra married at St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, on 10 March 1863. Edward was 21; Alexandra was 18.
Edward and his wife established Marlborough House as their London residence and Sandringham House in Norfolk as their country retreat. They entertained on a lavish scale. Their marriage met with disapproval in certain circles because most of Queen Victoria's relations were German, and Denmark was at loggerheads with Germany over the territories of Schleswig and Holstein. When Alexandra's father inherited the throne of Denmark in November 1863, the German Confederation took the opportunity to invade and annex Schleswig Holstein. Queen Victoria was of two minds whether it was
a suitable match given the political climate. After the couple's marriage, she expressed anxiety about their socialite lifestyle and attempted to dictate to them on various matters, including the names of their children.
Edward had mistresses throughout his married life. He socialised with actress Lillie Langtry; Lady Randolph Churchill (born Jennie Jerome, she was the mother of Winston Churchill); Daisy Greville, Countess of Warwick; actress Sarah Bernhardt; noblewoman Susan Pelham-Clinton; singer Hortense Schneider; prostitute Giulia Barucci; wealthy humanitarian Agnes Keyser; and Alice Keppel. At least fifty-five liaisons are conjectured. How far these relationships went is not always clear. Edward always strove to be discreet, but this did not prevent society gossip or press speculation. One of Alice Keppel's great-granddaughters, Camilla Parker Bowles, became the mistress and subsequently wife of Charles, Prince of Wales, one of Edward's great-great-grandsons. It was rumoured
Albert and Alexandra on their wedding day-1863
that Camilla's grandmother, Sonia Keppel (born in May 1900), was the illegitimate daughter of Edward, but she was "almost certainly" the daughter of George Keppel, whom she resembled.Edward never acknowledged any illegitimate children. Alexandra is believed to have been aware of many of his affairs and to have accepted them. or press speculation. One of Alice Keppel's great-granddaughters, Camilla Parker Bowles, became the mistress and subsequently wife of Charles, Prince of Wales, one of Edward's great-great-grandsons. It was rumoured that Camilla's grandmother, Sonia Keppel (born in May 1900), was the illegitimate daughter of Edward, but she was "almost certainly" the daughter of George Keppel, whom she resembled.Edward never acknowledged any illegitimate children. Alexandra is believed to have been aware of many of his affairs and to have accepted them.
In late 1891, Edward's eldest son, Albert Victor, was engaged to Princess Victoria Mary of Teck. Just a few weeks later, in early 1892, Albert Victor died of pneumonia. Edward was grief-stricken. "To lose our eldest son", he wrote, "is one of those calamities one can never really get over". Edward told Queen Victoria, "[I would] have given my life for him, as I put no value on mine". Albert Victor was the second of Edward's children to die. In 1871, his youngest son, John, had died just 24 hours after being born. Edward had insisted on placing John in his coffin personally with "the tears rolling down his cheeks".
When Queen Victoria died on 22 January 1901, Edward became King of the United Kingdom, Emperor of India and, in an innovation, King of the British Dominions. He chose to reign under the name Edward VII, instead of Albert Edward-the name his
mother had intended for him to use, declaring that he did not wish to "undervalue the name of Albert" and diminish the status of his father with whom among royalty the "name should stand alone". The number VII was occasionally omitted in Scotland, even by the national church, in deference to protests that the previous Edwards were English kings who had "been excluded from Scotland by battle". J. B. Priestley recalled, "I was only a child when he succeeded Victoria in 1901, but I can testify to his extraordinary popularity. He was in fact the most popular king England had known since the earlier 1660s."
Edward VII and Alexandra were crowned at Westminster Abbey on 8 August 1902 by the 80-year-old Archbishop of Cneterbury, Frederick Temple, who died only four months later. Edward's coronation had originally been scheduled for 26 June, but two
days before on 24 June, Edward was diagnosed with appendicitis. Appendicitis was generally not treated operatively and carried a high mortality rate, but developments in anaesthesia and antisepsis in the preceding 50 years made life-saving surgery possible. Sir Frederick Treves, with the support of Lord Lister, performed a then-radical operation of draining the infected appendix through a small incision. The next day, Edward was sitting up in bed, smoking a cigar. Two weeks later, it was announced that the King was out of danger. Treves was honoured with a baronetcy (which Edward had arranged before the operation) and appendix surgery entered the medical mainstream.
Edward was related to nearly every other European monarch and came to be known as the "uncle of Europe". Kaiser Wilhelm II and Tsar Nicholas II were his nephews; Queen Victoria Eugenia of Spain, Crown Princess Margaret of Sweden, Crown Princess Marie of Romania, Crown Princess Sophia of Greece, and Empress Alexandra of Russia were his nieces; Haakon VII of Norway was both his nephew by marriage and his son-in-law; George I of Greece and Frederick VIII of Denmark were his brothers-in-law; Albert I of Belgium, Ferdinand of Bulgaria, and Charles I and Manuel II of Portugal were his second cousins. Edward doted on his grandchildren, and indulged them, to the consternation of their governesses. However, there was one relation whom Edward did not like: Wilhelm II. Edward's difficult relationship with his nephew exacerbated the tensions between Germany and Britain.
Edward usually smoked twenty cigarettes and twelve cigars a day. Towards the end of his life he increasingly suffered from bronchitis. In March 2010, the King was staying at Biarritz when he collapsed. He remained there to convalesce, while in London Asquith tried to get the Finance Bill passed. The King's continued ill health was unreported and he attracted criticism for staying in Europe while political tensions were so high. On 27 April he returned to Buckingham Palace, still suffering from severe bronchitis. Alexandra returned home from visiting her brother, King George I of Greece, in Corfu a week later on 5 May.
The following day, the King suffered several heart attacks, but refused to go to bed saying, "No, I shall not give in; I shall go on; I shall work to the end." Between moments of faintness, the Prince of Wales (shortly to be King George V) told him that his horse, Witch of the Air, had won at Kempton Park that afternoon. The King replied, "I am very glad": his final words. At 11:30 pm he lost
Queen Alexandra in her carriage during the funeral procession.
consciousness for the last time and was put to bed. He died 15 minutes later.
Edward VII was buried at St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, on 20 May 1910. As Barbara Tuchman noted in The Guns of August, his funeral marked "the greatest assemblage of royalty and rank ever gathered in one place and, of its kind, the last".
Edward VII at Balmoral Photo taken by Queen Alexandra