presented his demands to the French delegates yesterday.

The armistice was signed today in the same old railroad dining coach of the Wagons
Lits company where yesterday Herr Hitler received the French delegates and where
twenty- two years ago Marshal Ferdinand Foch received the Germans on a similar
mission.

General Charles Huntziger, the Alsatian-born, German-speaking chief of the French
plenipotentiaries, signed the armistice for France--at the orders, he said, of his
government. Col. Gen. Wilhelm Keitel, acting for Chancellor Hitler, signed for Germany.

Yesterday the clearing in the pleasant Compiègne forest where the emissaries met was
flooded with sunshine. Today the sky grew overcast as the afternoon wore on and it
was gloomy in the woods by the time the hour of signature arrived.

Huntziger Enters Protest

Before he affixed his name to Herr Hitler's terms General Huntziger, speaking slowly in
a voice husky with emotion, entered a brief protest. A transcription of his words and of
the proceedings at the moment of signature was broadcast to the German people over
the official radio tonight. General Huntziger said:

"Before I sign this armistice at the order of the French Government I would like to
make a personal statement.

"Forced by the fate of arms to give up the fight in which she engaged with both her
Allies, France is forced to accept conditions whose severity must be emphasized.

"France experts in the future negotiations that Germany will be imbued with a spirit that
will enable both great nations to live at peace in the future.

"I appeal to the soldiers' spirit in the hope that the French will never have cause to
regret the step we are now taking."

General Keitel, speaking slowly in a deep voice, replied:

"I acknowledge your declaration that you are signing the armistice at the order of your
Government. In answer to the General's personal statement, I can only reply that it is
honorable for the victor to honor the vanquished."

Terms Still Withheld

It was announced that no details of the armistice terms would be made public, at least
(High Command of the Armed Forces) Chief, General Wilhelm Keitel. Then negotiations
lasted one day, until the evening of 22 June 1940 : General Huntzinger had to discuss
the terms by phone with the French Government representatives which had fled to
Bordeaux, mainly with the newly nominated Defence minister, General Maxime
Weygand.

The French delegation – led by General Charles Huntziger – tried to soften the harsher
terms of the armistice, but Keitel replied that they would have to accept or reject the
armistice as it was. Given the military situation that France was in, Huntziger had "no
choice" but to accede to the armistice terms. The cease-fire went into effect at 00:35
on 25 June 1940, more that two days later, only after another armistice was signed
between France and Italy, the main German ally in Europe.

Destruction of the Armistice Site

The Armistice site was demolished by the Germans on Hitler's orders three days later.
The carriage itself was taken to Berlin as a trophy of war, along with pieces of a large
stone tablet which bore the inscription (in French):
ordering his air squadrons across the Channel.

The German press today is wholly occupied in stressing the historic significance of the
new armistice of Compiègne.

"Compiègne was not selected as the scene of the present armistice merely as
retaliation," says the Hamburger Fremdenblatt, "but because it is now the business of
Europe to liquidate the running war that England and France have been waging against
the Reich and the German people since 1914. Our aim is to achieve a genuine and
lasting peace, and for this purpose it demanded a symbolic act to wipe out everything
that might have kept the German and French people apart unless the spirit of
Compiègne of 1918 is to be perpetuated."

A similar sentiment finds expression in the Voelkis Beobachter, which says:

"It required the forest of Compiègne to make reparation for one of the infamies of
history. The very moment that the French delegation leaves Compiègne, we and with us
all Germany will realize that one of the blackest days that ever befell the German people
will have been deleted from the pages of history. Among other things, not only
Germany but all of Europe emerges a victor from Compiègne."

Reference to a "peace of reparation," which was one of the three armistice demands
specified in the preamble read to the French delegation at Compiègne yesterday, must
also be interpreted as applying to Germany's demands for restitution for injustices done
at Versailles. Though its phraseology is somewhat obscure, its importance is made clear
in today's press comments, which leave no doubt that redress for wrongs inflicted on
Germany will come up for review and revision in the coming settlement.

Reparations for those wrongs fall on the shoulders of France and Britain jointly, the
press observes, although France, for the time being, must carry the burden alone.
There is only one remaining foe to world peace after the armistice with France, says
the Fremdenblatt, and that is "the naked and brutal power politics of Britain." "Of this
the peace-loving nations of the world are fully aware," the paper adds.

French Fly to Italy

Berlin, June 22 (UP)--France signed Chancellor Hitler's terms of armistice tonight at 6:
50 o'clock [12:50 P.M. New York time] in the Forest of Compiègne, and her emissaries
hastened immediately by plane to Rome to learn Italy's price for peace.

XXX
Comments from Our Readers
From the quiz pic alone it's hard to be absolutely sure that the figure we see
stepping from the carriage is Hitler.  But there is no doubt on seeing this frame
which I clipped from a moment before in the movie coverage.

I'm staying with the basics this week.  Again a nice quiz with opportunities to learn.

On seeing the picture I knew vaguely what it was, so googled <hitler railway
carriage>.  From those results and extra searches on <ww2 armistice> and the like
I was able to find all the necessary information, and to learn a lot more about what
actually happened.

There are many sites that report the events surrounding the signing of both World
War armistices (in the same railway carriage).  Unfortunately some sites give
misinformation about the date of the circumstances in the quiz picture, assuming
that Hitler was present on 22nd June 1940, the date the armistice was signed. In
fact Hitler was only present for the delivery of the terms of the armistice on the
afternoon before.  He did not return for the actual signing.

It was interesting to learn that General Charles Huntziger, who reluctantly signed
the armistice on behalf of France, was killed in a plane crash November 11, 1941.  
Most of the German delegation died in 1946, sentenced to death at Nuremberg.
Megan Nielsen
William Shirer (The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich) describes this event in his
book "Berlin Diary". He was present at the site that day.

"Berlin Diary" recounts his time as a CBS radio reporter in Berlin in the years leading
up to World War II. It's a chilling account of what it was like to live in a society
where every aspect of the media was state controlled.

A fascinating read.
Cathy Bence
When I saw the quiz for this week, I thought, "Great!  I love the old photos -
they're the best! but then quickly my thoughts turned to "Oh no...." after looking
this up.  I read on one of the sites a description of Hitler as being "delighted" - that
seems to sum up the enjoyment of planning and inflicting suffering onto others in
the many aspects of his life;
and results of decisions made by him and the German High Command.
Beth Long
Scary to think of such a whimsical dictator who could affect so many lives.   At
least we keep all our weirdo presidents (notice there is no limit?) down to a limited
number of years.   : )
Kitty Huddleston
I don't even want to try to imagine what life for us would be like IF Hitler had
won!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!   
Grace Hertz
I immediately recognized Hitler from his posture as well as the uniforms; from
there, the rest was pretty easy.
Roger Lipsett
I never retrieve the actual photo but the story was intriguing. Hitler wanted the gloat
factor to force the French to sign in the exact same place. Good history lesson for
me.
Jim Kiser
It was the number on the side of the train car that was the hint that worked.  It led
me to
a book titled Histoire de la voiture-restaurant no 2419 D. Le wagon de l'armistice.

Everything I was initially seeing was in French, so:  Il est le wagon de l'armistice.
Carol  Gene Farrant
I recognized the car immediately as the World War I armistice car. Then I noticed
that the uniforms the men were wearing were wrong. The style was World War II,
not World War I. Bingo!  Hitler's retribution!
Margaret Paxton
In an interesting side note, Hitler was actually very good with theatrics, using them
to move people during his speeches and to drive his points home. As a part of the
Armistice he wanted to point out the superiority of the German people and to exact
retribution for the slight against the German people in WWI, so he sat in the very
chair that Marshal Foch sat in, and after the reading of the preamble he expressed
his disdain for the French delegation and left the talks, in exactly the same way
Marshal Foch did to the Germans in 1918. This photograph is of Hitler leaving the
railcar after he expressed his disdain.
Jon Edens
Buon soir Colleen, Comment ça va? (or should I say "buonjour" since for you it's
only 9 am).

Problem right now is that people are following Hitler's way of thinking. I hear it
every day: "let's get rid of the Muslims", "let's wipe out Iran and Syria", "Mexicans
immigrants are rapists".

Every time we blame a certain group of people for big situations and assertain that
getting rid of them would be the best solution, we're getting right into his path, and
WWII shows us that it only takes one genius to wreak havoc in a very bad way,
and that scares me. A lot.
Ida Sanchez
My main goal is genealogy, but I have been a student of history for years.
Gus Marsh
Agreed, thank God and all that is good that the Germans lost! I have often
wondered what it is that makes some people tick and what spurs them on in their
actions. Some questions I have come to learn do not have  neat, simple answers,
and either fortunately or unfortunately I just do not have the time or the talent to
read heads.
Cindy Costigan
I've seen the same video.  It's considered to be a good job of video editing of film
of Hitler walking at the site.  The video editor stitched in several of his steps and
voila, Adolph does his little jig.

There are not sufficient words in our language to describe the evil of his regime.  
One always wonders if the stock market hadn't crashed resulting in a world-wide
depression, would he have been able to grab the power?  Extremists relish the bad
times because it gives them the opportunity to convince people their extremism will
solve all the problems.

Some of your forensic puzzles are really challenging.  Keep them coming.  I really
enjoy them, even though I rarely solve them.
Leon Stuckenschmidt
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Quiz #485 Results
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Answers to Quiz #485- July 19, 2015
1.  What date was this photo taken? Where?
2. Name two people seated inside the railroad car.
3. Why was this location chosen?
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TinEye Alert
You can find this photo on TinEye.com,
but the quiz will be a lot more fun if you solve the puzzle on your own.
NY Times Article on French Armistice
www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/big/0622.html
The Armistice
Answers:
1.  21 June 1940 in the Compiegne Forest, France
2. General Wilheim Keitel (German) and
General Huntzinger(French).
3.  It was in the same railcar where Germany surrendered to France
ending WWI on 11 Nov 1911. For the occasion, Adoph Hilter had it moved from
a museum to the same location in the Compiegne Forest.
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XXX

How Ida Solved the Puzzle
Ooooops, Google did it again. I started typing Compaigne
Internationale and by the middle of the second word, it already had
suggested "mpagnie internationale des wagons-lits", so I accepted it
and, seeing it was about trains, assumed it was a good hint and I was
on the right track (literally).

Still, there were several pictures and nothing resembled this
specific car. After adding &quot;voiture restaurant&quot; to the
phrase without success, I tried "soldiers". I did find another pic with
soldiers on it and clicked. That gave me the biggest clue of them all:
Armistice.

That way I started researching about it, but I was in the wrong date:
1918. It was in another search that I found a much similar image,
obviously taken on the same day.... with Hitler!!!! so I went back to
a website (in French) that stated that both armistices had been signed
on the same car, and on the wikipedia article went for the
dissambiguation and clicked on the right date. The article had all
the info.

Ida Sanchez
XXX
The scene in our quiz photo, taken from another angle appears at about 30 seconds into
the Pathe video.  Note that the shadow Hitler casts on the soldier is about the same in
the two pictures.  Also note the position of Hitler's arm is the same, and that his head is
just a little higher than the soldier's head.
Berlin, June 22--The armistice treaty between
Germany and France was signed today in the forest
of Compiègne at 6:50 P.M. German Summer time
[12:50 P.M. New York time]. Col. Gen. Wilhelm
Keitel, Chancellor Hitler's plenipotentiary, signed for
Germany and General Charles Huntziger for France.

Its contents will not be made public for the present,
but it is announced that the agreement does not
provide for immediate cessation of hostilities. The
fighting is to end six hours after the Italian
Government has notified the German High Command
of the signing of an armistice treaty between Italy
and France.
ARMISTICE AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE GERMAN
HIGH COMMAND OF THE ARMED FORCES AND
FRENCH PLENIPOTENTIARIES, COMPIEGNE, JUNE
22, 1940


Between the chief of the High Command of the armed
forces, Col. Gen. [Wilhelm] Keitel, commissioned by the
Fuehrer of the German Reich and Supreme Commander in
Chief of the German Armed Forces, and the fully
authorized plenipotentiaries of the French Government,
General [Charles L. C.] Huntziger, chairman of the
delegation; Ambassador [Leon] Noel, Rear Admiral
[Maurice R.] LeLuc, Army Corps General [Georges]
Parisot an Air Force General [Jean-Marie Joseph]
Bergeret, the following armistice treaty was agreed upon:

ARTICLE I.

The French Government directs a cessation of fighting
against the German Reich in France as well as in French
possessions, colonies, protectorate territories, mandates as
well as on the seas.

It [the French Government] directs the immediate laying
down of arms of French units already encircled by
German troops.

ARTICLE II.

To safeguard the interests of the German Reich, French
State territory north and west of the line drawn on the
attached map will be occupied by German troops.

As far as the parts to be occupied still are not in control of
German troops, this occupation will be carried out
immediately after the conclusion of this treaty.

ARTICLE III.

In the occupied parts of France the German Reich
exercises all rights of an occupying power The French
Government obligates itself to support with every means
the regulations resulting from the exercise of these rights
and to carry them out with the aid of French
administration.

All French authorities and officials of the occupied
territory, therefore, are to be promptly informed by the
French Government to comply with the regulations of the
German military commanders and to cooperate with them
in a correct manner.

It is the intention of the German Government to limit the
occupation of the west coast after ending hostilities with
England to the extent absolutely necessary.

The French Government is permitted to select the seat of
its government in unoccupied territory, or, if it wishes, to
move to Paris. In this case, the German Government
guarantees the French Government and its central
authorities every necessary alleviation so that they will be
in a position to conduct the administration of unoccupied
territory from Paris.

ARTICLE IV.

French armed forces on land, on the sea, and in the air are
to be demobilized and disarmed in a period still to be set.
Excepted are only those units which are necessary for
maintenance of domestic order. Germany and Italy will fix
their strength. The French armed forces in the territory to
be occupied by Germany are to be hastily withdrawn into
territory not to be occupied and be discharged. These
troops, before marching out, shall lay down their weapons
and equipment at the places where they are stationed at the
time this treaty becomes effective. They are responsible
for orderly delivery to German troops.

ARTICLE V.

As a guarantee for the observance of the armistice, the
surrender, undamaged, of all those guns, tanks, tank
defense weapons, war planes, anti-aircraft artillery,
infantry weapons, means of conveyance, and munitions
can be demanded from the units of the French armed
forces which are standing in battle against Germany and
which at the time this agreement goes into force are in
territory not to be occupied by Germany.

The German armistice commission will decide the extent
of delivery.

ARTICLE VI.


Weapons, munitions, and war apparatus of every kind
remaining in the unoccupied portion of France are to be
stored and/or secured under German and/or Italian
control—so far as not released for the arming allowed to
French units.

The German High Command reserves the right to direct all
those measures which are necessary to exclude
unauthorized use of this material. Building of new war
apparatus in unoccupied territory is to be stopped
immediately.

ARTICLE VII.


In occupied territory, all the land and coastal fortifications,
with weapons, munitions, and apparatus and plants of
every kind are to be surrendered undamaged. Plans of
these fortifications, as well as plans of those already
conquered by German troops, are to be handed over.

Exact plans regarding prepared blastings, land mines,
obstructions, time fuses, barriers for fighting, etc., shall
be given to the German High Command. These hindrances
are to be removed by French forces upon German demand.

ARTICLE VIII.

The French war fleet is to collect in ports to be designated
more particularly, and under German and/or Italian control
to demobilize and lay up—with the exception of those
units released to the French Government for protection of
French interests in its colonial empire.

The peacetime stations of ships should control the
designation of ports.

The German Government solemnly declares to the French
Government that it does not intend to use the French War
Fleet which is in harbors under German control for its
purposes in war, with the exception of units necessary for
the purposes of guarding the coast and sweeping mines.

It further solemnly and expressly declares that it does not
intend to bring up any demands respecting the French War
Fleet at the conclusion of a peace.

All warships outside France are to be recalled to France
with the exception of that portion of the French War Fleet
which shall be designated to represent French interests in
the colonial empire.

ARTICLE IX.

The French High Command must give the German High
Command the exact location of all mines which France
has set out, as well as information on the other harbor and
coastal obstructions and defense facilities. Insofar as the
German High Command may require, French forces must
clear away the mines.

ARTICLE X.

The French Government is obligated to forbid any portion
of its remaining armed forces to undertake hostilities
against Germany in any manner.

French Government also will prevent members of its
armed forces from leaving the country and prevent
armaments of any sort, including ships, planes, etc., being
taken to England or any other place abroad.

The French Government will forbid French citizens to
fight against Germany in the service of States with which
the German Reich is still at war. French citizens who
violate this provision are to be treated by German troops
as insurgents.

ARTICLE XI.

French commercial vessels of all sorts, including coastal
and harbor vessels which are now in French hands, may
not leave port until further notice. Resumption of
commercial voyages will require approval of the German
and Italian Governments.

French commercial vessels will be recalled by the French
Government or, if return is impossible, the French
Government will instruct them to enter neutral harbors.

All confiscated German commercial vessels are, on
demand, to be returned [to Germany] undamaged.

ARTICLE XII.

Flight by any airplane over French territory shall be
prohibited. Every plane making a flight without German
approval will be regarded as an enemy by the German Air
Force and treated accordingly.

In unoccupied territory, air fields and ground facilities of
the air force shall be under German and Italian control.

Demand may be made that such air fields be rendered
unusable. The French Government is required to take
charge of all foreign airplanes in the unoccupied region to
prevent flights. They are to be turned over to the German
armed forces
.
ARTICLE XIII.

The French Government obligates itself to turn over to
German troops in the occupied region all facilities and
properties of the French armed forces in undamaged
condition.

It [the French Government] also will see to it that harbors,
industrial facilities, and docks are preserved in their
present condition and damaged in no way.

The same stipulations apply to transportation routes and
equipment, especially railways, roads, and canals, and to
the whole communications network and equipment,
waterways and coastal transportation services.

Additionally, the French Government is required on
demand of the German High Command to perform all
necessary restoration labor on these facilities.

The French Government will see to it that in the occupied
region necessary technical personnel and rolling stock of
the railways and other transportation equipment, to a
degree normal in peacetime, be retained in service.

ARTICLE XIV.

There is an immediate prohibition of transmission for all
wireless stations on French soil. Resumption of wireless
connections from the unoccupied portion of France
requires a special regulation.

ARTICLE XV.

The French Government obligates itself to convey transit
freight between the German Reich and Italy through
unoccupied territory to the extent demanded by the
German Government.

ARTICLE XVI.

The French Government, in agreement with the
responsible German officials, will carry out the return of
population into occupied territory.

ARTICLE XVII.


The French Government obligates itself to prevent every
transference of economic valuables and provisions from
the territory to be occupied by German troops into
unoccupied territory or abroad.

These valuables and provisions in occupied territory are to
be disposed of only in agreement with the German
Government. In that connection, the German Government
will consider the necessities of life of the population in
unoccupied territory.

ARTICLE XVIII.

The French-Government will bear the costs of
maintenance of German occupation troops on French soil.

ARTICLE XIX.

All German war and civil prisoners in French custody,
including those under arrest and convicted who were
seized and sentenced because of acts in favor of the
German Reich, shall be surrendered immediately to
German troops.

The French Government is obliged to surrender upon
demand all Germans named by the German Government in
France as well as in French possessions, colonies,
protectorate territories, and mandates.

The French Government binds itself to prevent removal of
German war and civil prisoners from France into French
possessions or into foreign countries. Regarding prisoners
already taken outside of France, as well as sick and
wounded German prisoners who cannot be transported,
exact lists with the places of residence are to be produced.
The German High Command assumes care of sick and
wounded German war prisoners.

ARTICLE XX.

French troops in German prison camps will remain
prisoners of war until conclusion of a peace.

ARTICLE XXI.

The French Government assumes responsibility for the
security of all objects and valuables whose undamaged
surrender or holding in readiness for German disposal is
demanded in this agreement or whose removal outside the
country is forbidden. The French Government is bound to
compensate for all destruction, damage or removal
contrary to agreement.

ARTICLE XXII.

The Armistice Commission, acting in accordance with the
direction of the German High Command, will regulate and
supervise the carrying out of the armistice agreement. It is
the task of the Armistice Commission further to insure the
necessary conformity of this agreement with the Italian-
French armistice.

The French Government will send a delegation to the seat
of the German Armistice Commission to represent the
French wishes and to receive regulations from the German
Armistice Commission for executing [the agreement].

ARTICLE XXIII.


This armistice agreement becomes effective as soon as the
French Government also has reached an agreement with
the Italian Government regarding cessation of hostilities.

Hostilities will be stopped six hours after the moment at
which the Italian Government has notified the German
Government of conclusion of its agreement. The German
Government will notify the French Government of this
time by wireless.

ARTICLE XXIV.

This agreement is valid until conclusion of a peace treaty.
The German Government may terminate this agreement at
any time with immediate effect if the French Government
fails to fulfill the obligations it assumes under the
agreement.

This armistice agreement, signed in the Forest of
Compiegne, June 22,1940, at 6:50 p.m., German summer
time.

HUNTZIGER
KEITEL

APPENDIX


The line mentioned in Article II of the armistice agreement
begins in the east on the French-Swiss border at Geneva
and runs thence nearly over the villages of Dele, Paray, Le
Monial, and Bourges to approximately twenty kilometers
east of Tours. From there it goes at a distance of twenty
kilometers east of the Tours-Angouleme-Liborune railway
line and extends through Mont de Marsan and Orthez to
the Spanish border.
As the latter is now believed to be a mere formality, already agreed upon by the leaders
of the Axis Powers in their discussion in Munich last Tuesday, its conclusion is
expected within the next forty-eight hours. The French delegation that conferred at
Compiègne also will negotiate with Italy. Such procedure, it is predicted, will end the
war on the Continent early in the coming week.

Scene in Car Dramatic

The French delegation returned to Compiègne from Paris at 10 A.M. and continued its
deliberations throughout the day, during which it was in constant communication with
the Bordeaux government. To expedite contacts, German military authorities installed a
direct telephone wire connecting the armistice car with Bordeaux.

The German radio broadcast announcing the signing of the treaty closed with the
words, "We thank our Fuehrer." There was a dramatic scene in the armistice car at
Compiègne before the formalities were completed. General Huntziger, in a choked
voice, announced that his government had ordered him to sign.

"Before carrying out my government's order," he said, "the French delegation deems it
necessary to declare that in a moment when France is compelled by fate of arms to
give up the fight, she has a right to expect that the coming negotiations will be
dominated by a spirit that will give two great neighboring nations a chance to live and
work once more. As a soldier you will well understand the onerous moment that has
now come for me to sign."

After the signatures were affixed, General Keitel requested all present to rise from their
seats, and then said:

"It is honorable for the victor to do honor to the vanquished. We have risen in
commemoration of those who gave their blood to their countries."

Talks With Italy Speeded

The French delegation left Compiègne for Paris tonight and is expected to take up
negotiations with Italy without further delay to bring the hostilities to a quick close.

With an Italian-French armistice in imminent prospect, military activities are now
expected to give way to diplomatic negotiations and it is not improbable that Germany,
Italy, France and possibly also Belgium will meet in conference soon in some German
city to discuss steps for an approach to honorable peace.

Meanwhile there is no indication in German official or press utterances to suggest that
Armistice of 22 June 1940
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Armistice_of_22_June_1940
The Armistice of 22 June 1940 was
signed at 18:36 near Compiègne, France,
by the top military officials of Nazi
Germany and more junior representatives
from the French Third Republic, namely
by General Keitel, the commander-in-
chief of the Wehrmacht, the German
Army, and by General Huntziger for the
French side. Following the decisive
German victory in the Battle of France
Germany is not grimly determined to
prosecute her war on Britain with all
possible speed, and this determination has
received fresh impetus through
uninterrupted attacks by British bombers
on German objectives.

With French Channel ports now available
as German air bases, raids on English
coastal points also have increased in
recent days and with the final liquidation
of the war in France it is predicted that
Chancellor Hitler will lose no time in
General Huntzinger signs the armistice
on behalf of France
(10 May–21 June 1940), this armistice established a German occupation zone in
Northern and Western France that encompassed all English Channel and Atlantic Ocean
ports and left the remainder "free" to be governed by the French. Adolf Hitler
deliberately chose Compiègne Forest as the site to sign the armistice due to its symbolic
role as the site of the 1918 Armistice with Germany that signaled the end of World War
I with Germany's surrender.

Choice of Compiegne

When Adolf Hitler received word from the French government that they wished to
negotiate an armistice, Hitler selected Compiègne Forest as the site for the negotiations.
As Compiègne was the site of the 1918 Armistice ending the Great War with
Germany's conflict cessation, Hitler saw using this location as a supreme moment of
revenge for Germany over France. Hitler decided that the signing should take place in
the same rail carriage, Compiègne Wagon, where the Germans had signed the 1918
armistice. However, in the last sentence of the preamble, the drafters inserted
"However, Germany does not have the intention to use the armistice conditions and
armistice negotiations as a form of humiliation against such a valiant opponent"
referring to the French forces. Furthermore, in Article 3, Clause 2, the drafters stated
that their intention was not to heavily occupy North-West France after cessation of
hostilities with Britain.

In the very same railway carriage in which the 1918 Armistice was signed (removed
from a museum building and placed on
the precise spot where it was located in
1918), on 21 June 1940, Hitler sat in the
same chair in which Marshal Ferdinand
Foch had sat when he faced the
representatives of the defeated German
Empire. After listening to the reading of
the preamble, Hitler – in a calculated
gesture of disdain to the French delegates
– left the carriage, as Foch had done in
1918, leaving the negotiations to his
Oberkommando der Wehrmacht

HERE ON THE ELEVENTH OF NOVEMBER 1918
SUCCUMBED THE CRIMINAL PRIDE OF THE
GERMAN REICH. VANQUISHED BY THE FREE
PEOPLES WHICH IT TRIED TO ENSLAVE.

The Alsace-Lorraine Monument (depicting a German
eagle impaled by a sword) was also destroyed and all
evidence of the site was obliterated, with the notable
exception of the statue of Marshal Foch: Hitler
intentionally ordered it to be left intact so that it would
be honoring only a wasteland. The railway carriage itself
later exhibited in Berlin, and was taken to Crawinkel in
Thuringia in 1945, where it was destroyed by SS troops
and the remains buried.
Left to right: Joachim von Ribbentrop,
Wilhelm Keitel, Hermann Göring,
Rudolf Hess, Adolf Hitler, and Walther
von Brauchitsch in front of the
Armistice carriage, on 21 June 1940.
The agreement was announced officially
three hours later in Berlin and broadcast
to the German people by radio. By that
hour the French delegates, having placed
on record their spokesman's protest
against the "severity" of the German
conditions, were already en route by
German plane to Italy.

If no difficulties occur, it was believed
here that the "cease firing" order might
come some time Monday.

The plenipotentiaries agreed on French-
German terms twenty-seven hours and
twenty minutes after Chancellor Hitler
**********
until after the agreement with Italy was
reached. There was no positive assurance
that the terms would be published even
then.

In the old dining car--which now will be
brought to Berlin at Chancellor Hitler's
order-- for the final ceremony were the
four French delegates, General Huntziger,
Admiral Maurice Leluc, Leon Noel and Air
General Jean Marie Bergeret.

Representing Germany were General
Keitel, Generals Jodl and von Tippelskirch
and Dr. Paul Schmidt, Foreign Office
interpreter.

Herr Hitler was not at Compiègne when
the final agreement was reached. He had
returned to his field headquarters
immediately after his brief appearance in
the railroad coach yesterday.

Inspired articles in the German press
carried a clear forecast of what Herr
CBS war correspondent William L. Shirer
in Compiegne, France, reporting on the
negotiations or the signing of the armistice.
The building in the background enshrines
the railcar in which Marshal Foch accepted
the German request for an armistice ending
WWI on November 11, 1918. Hitler had
the railcar removed from the building two
days before the signing of the June 22,
1940 armistice.
Hitler's thus far unrevealed terms to the French are designed to achieve.

Press comment indicated that France has been asked for full military capitulation--the
handing over of all her armed resources on land, sea and air--and additional conditions
that would guarantee Germany against any possible revival at some future date of the
Anglo-French alliance.

The Angriff, vigorous exponent of Nazi doctrine, proclaimed that "Compiègne has
become the end of the whole order of the economic, social and political system of the
French Republic."

This newspaper indicated belief that France would not only be stripped of her military
power, but also swung into the totalitarian economic and political orbit.

"After this war," it said, "France will take the first step toward a new era that the young
authoritarian States of Europe have already taken."