presented his demands to the French delegates yesterday.
The armistice was signed today in the same old railroad dining coach of the Wagons Lits company where yesterday Herr Hitler received the French delegates and where twenty- two years ago Marshal Ferdinand Foch received the Germans on a similar mission.
General Charles Huntziger, the Alsatian-born, German-speaking chief of the French plenipotentiaries, signed the armistice for France--at the orders, he said, of his government. Col. Gen. Wilhelm Keitel, acting for Chancellor Hitler, signed for Germany.
Yesterday the clearing in the pleasant Compiègne forest where the emissaries met was flooded with sunshine. Today the sky grew overcast as the afternoon wore on and it was gloomy in the woods by the time the hour of signature arrived.
Huntziger Enters Protest
Before he affixed his name to Herr Hitler's terms General Huntziger, speaking slowly in a voice husky with emotion, entered a brief protest. A transcription of his words and of the proceedings at the moment of signature was broadcast to the German people over the official radio tonight. General Huntziger said:
"Before I sign this armistice at the order of the French Government I would like to make a personal statement.
"Forced by the fate of arms to give up the fight in which she engaged with both her Allies, France is forced to accept conditions whose severity must be emphasized.
"France experts in the future negotiations that Germany will be imbued with a spirit that will enable both great nations to live at peace in the future.
"I appeal to the soldiers' spirit in the hope that the French will never have cause to regret the step we are now taking."
General Keitel, speaking slowly in a deep voice, replied:
"I acknowledge your declaration that you are signing the armistice at the order of your Government. In answer to the General's personal statement, I can only reply that it is honorable for the victor to honor the vanquished."
Terms Still Withheld
It was announced that no details of the armistice terms would be made public, at least
(High Command of the Armed Forces) Chief, General Wilhelm Keitel. Then negotiations lasted one day, until the evening of 22 June 1940 : General Huntzinger had to discuss the terms by phone with the French Government representatives which had fled to Bordeaux, mainly with the newly nominated Defence minister, General Maxime Weygand.
The French delegation – led by General Charles Huntziger – tried to soften the harsher terms of the armistice, but Keitel replied that they would have to accept or reject the armistice as it was. Given the military situation that France was in, Huntziger had "no choice" but to accede to the armistice terms. The cease-fire went into effect at 00:35 on 25 June 1940, more that two days later, only after another armistice was signed between France and Italy, the main German ally in Europe.
Destruction of the Armistice Site
The Armistice site was demolished by the Germans on Hitler's orders three days later. The carriage itself was taken to Berlin as a trophy of war, along with pieces of a large stone tablet which bore the inscription (in French):
ordering his air squadrons across the Channel.
The German press today is wholly occupied in stressing the historic significance of the new armistice of Compiègne.
"Compiègne was not selected as the scene of the present armistice merely as retaliation," says the Hamburger Fremdenblatt, "but because it is now the business of Europe to liquidate the running war that England and France have been waging against the Reich and the German people since 1914. Our aim is to achieve a genuine and lasting peace, and for this purpose it demanded a symbolic act to wipe out everything that might have kept the German and French people apart unless the spirit of Compiègne of 1918 is to be perpetuated."
A similar sentiment finds expression in the Voelkis Beobachter, which says:
"It required the forest of Compiègne to make reparation for one of the infamies of history. The very moment that the French delegation leaves Compiègne, we and with us all Germany will realize that one of the blackest days that ever befell the German people will have been deleted from the pages of history. Among other things, not only Germany but all of Europe emerges a victor from Compiègne."
Reference to a "peace of reparation," which was one of the three armistice demands specified in the preamble read to the French delegation at Compiègne yesterday, must also be interpreted as applying to Germany's demands for restitution for injustices done at Versailles. Though its phraseology is somewhat obscure, its importance is made clear in today's press comments, which leave no doubt that redress for wrongs inflicted on Germany will come up for review and revision in the coming settlement.
Reparations for those wrongs fall on the shoulders of France and Britain jointly, the press observes, although France, for the time being, must carry the burden alone. There is only one remaining foe to world peace after the armistice with France, says the Fremdenblatt, and that is "the naked and brutal power politics of Britain." "Of this the peace-loving nations of the world are fully aware," the paper adds.
French Fly to Italy
Berlin, June 22 (UP)--France signed Chancellor Hitler's terms of armistice tonight at 6: 50 o'clock [12:50 P.M. New York time] in the Forest of Compiègne, and her emissaries hastened immediately by plane to Rome to learn Italy's price for peace.
Comments from Our Readers
From the quiz pic alone it's hard to be absolutely sure that the figure we see stepping from the carriage is Hitler. But there is no doubt on seeing this frame which I clipped from a moment before in the movie coverage.
I'm staying with the basics this week. Again a nice quiz with opportunities to learn.
On seeing the picture I knew vaguely what it was, so googled <hitler railway carriage>. From those results and extra searches on <ww2 armistice> and the like I was able to find all the necessary information, and to learn a lot more about what actually happened.
There are many sites that report the events surrounding the signing of both World War armistices (in the same railway carriage). Unfortunately some sites give misinformation about the date of the circumstances in the quiz picture, assuming that Hitler was present on 22nd June 1940, the date the armistice was signed. In fact Hitler was only present for the delivery of the terms of the armistice on the afternoon before. He did not return for the actual signing.
It was interesting to learn that General Charles Huntziger, who reluctantly signed the armistice on behalf of France, was killed in a plane crash November 11, 1941. Most of the German delegation died in 1946, sentenced to death at Nuremberg.
William Shirer (The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich) describes this event in his book "Berlin Diary". He was present at the site that day.
"Berlin Diary" recounts his time as a CBS radio reporter in Berlin in the years leading up to World War II. It's a chilling account of what it was like to live in a society where every aspect of the media was state controlled.
A fascinating read.
When I saw the quiz for this week, I thought, "Great! I love the old photos - they're the best! but then quickly my thoughts turned to "Oh no...." after looking this up. I read on one of the sites a description of Hitler as being "delighted" - that seems to sum up the enjoyment of planning and inflicting suffering onto others in the many aspects of his life; and results of decisions made by him and the German High Command.
Scary to think of such a whimsical dictator who could affect so many lives. At least we keep all our weirdo presidents (notice there is no limit?) down to a limited number of years. : )
I don't even want to try to imagine what life for us would be like IF Hitler had won!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
I immediately recognized Hitler from his posture as well as the uniforms; from there, the rest was pretty easy.
I never retrieve the actual photo but the story was intriguing. Hitler wanted the gloat factor to force the French to sign in the exact same place. Good history lesson for me.
It was the number on the side of the train car that was the hint that worked. It led me to a book titled Histoire de la voiture-restaurant no 2419 D. Le wagon de l'armistice.
Everything I was initially seeing was in French, so: Il est le wagon de l'armistice.
Carol Gene Farrant
I recognized the car immediately as the World War I armistice car. Then I noticed that the uniforms the men were wearing were wrong. The style was World War II, not World War I. Bingo! Hitler's retribution!
In an interesting side note, Hitler was actually very good with theatrics, using them to move people during his speeches and to drive his points home. As a part of the Armistice he wanted to point out the superiority of the German people and to exact retribution for the slight against the German people in WWI, so he sat in the very chair that Marshal Foch sat in, and after the reading of the preamble he expressed his disdain for the French delegation and left the talks, in exactly the same way Marshal Foch did to the Germans in 1918. This photograph is of Hitler leaving the railcar after he expressed his disdain.
Buon soir Colleen, Comment ça va? (or should I say "buonjour" since for you it's only 9 am).
Problem right now is that people are following Hitler's way of thinking. I hear it every day: "let's get rid of the Muslims", "let's wipe out Iran and Syria", "Mexicans immigrants are rapists".
Every time we blame a certain group of people for big situations and assertain that getting rid of them would be the best solution, we're getting right into his path, and WWII shows us that it only takes one genius to wreak havoc in a very bad way, and that scares me. A lot.
My main goal is genealogy, but I have been a student of history for years.
Agreed, thank God and all that is good that the Germans lost! I have often wondered what it is that makes some people tick and what spurs them on in their actions. Some questions I have come to learn do not have neat, simple answers, and either fortunately or unfortunately I just do not have the time or the talent to read heads.
I've seen the same video. It's considered to be a good job of video editing of film of Hitler walking at the site. The video editor stitched in several of his steps and voila, Adolph does his little jig.
There are not sufficient words in our language to describe the evil of his regime. One always wonders if the stock market hadn't crashed resulting in a world-wide depression, would he have been able to grab the power? Extremists relish the bad times because it gives them the opportunity to convince people their extremism will solve all the problems.
Some of your forensic puzzles are really challenging. Keep them coming. I really enjoy them, even though I rarely solve them.
2. General Wilheim Keitel (German) and General Huntzinger(French).
3. It was in the same railcar where Germany surrendered to France ending WWI on 11 Nov 1911. For the occasion, Adoph Hilter had it moved from a museum to the same location in the Compiegne Forest.
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How Ida Solved the Puzzle
Ooooops, Google did it again. I started typing Compaigne Internationale and by the middle of the second word, it already had suggested "mpagnie internationale des wagons-lits", so I accepted it and, seeing it was about trains, assumed it was a good hint and I was on the right track (literally).
Still, there were several pictures and nothing resembled this specific car. After adding "voiture restaurant" to the phrase without success, I tried "soldiers". I did find another pic with soldiers on it and clicked. That gave me the biggest clue of them all: Armistice.
That way I started researching about it, but I was in the wrong date: 1918. It was in another search that I found a much similar image, obviously taken on the same day.... with Hitler!!!! so I went back to a website (in French) that stated that both armistices had been signed on the same car, and on the wikipedia article went for the dissambiguation and clicked on the right date. The article had all the info.
The scene in our quiz photo, taken from another angle appears at about 30 seconds into the Pathe video. Note that the shadow Hitler casts on the soldier is about the same in the two pictures. Also note the position of Hitler's arm is the same, and that his head is just a little higher than the soldier's head.
Berlin, June 22--The armistice treaty between Germany and France was signed today in the forest of Compiègne at 6:50 P.M. German Summer time [12:50 P.M. New York time]. Col. Gen. Wilhelm Keitel, Chancellor Hitler's plenipotentiary, signed for Germany and General Charles Huntziger for France.
Its contents will not be made public for the present, but it is announced that the agreement does not provide for immediate cessation of hostilities. The fighting is to end six hours after the Italian Government has notified the German High Command of the signing of an armistice treaty between Italy and France.
ARMISTICE AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE GERMAN HIGH COMMAND OF THE ARMED FORCES AND FRENCH PLENIPOTENTIARIES, COMPIEGNE, JUNE 22, 1940
Between the chief of the High Command of the armed forces, Col. Gen. [Wilhelm] Keitel, commissioned by the Fuehrer of the German Reich and Supreme Commander in Chief of the German Armed Forces, and the fully authorized plenipotentiaries of the French Government, General [Charles L. C.] Huntziger, chairman of the delegation; Ambassador [Leon] Noel, Rear Admiral [Maurice R.] LeLuc, Army Corps General [Georges] Parisot an Air Force General [Jean-Marie Joseph] Bergeret, the following armistice treaty was agreed upon:
The French Government directs a cessation of fighting against the German Reich in France as well as in French possessions, colonies, protectorate territories, mandates as well as on the seas.
It [the French Government] directs the immediate laying down of arms of French units already encircled by German troops.
To safeguard the interests of the German Reich, French State territory north and west of the line drawn on the attached map will be occupied by German troops.
As far as the parts to be occupied still are not in control of German troops, this occupation will be carried out immediately after the conclusion of this treaty.
In the occupied parts of France the German Reich exercises all rights of an occupying power The French Government obligates itself to support with every means the regulations resulting from the exercise of these rights and to carry them out with the aid of French administration.
All French authorities and officials of the occupied territory, therefore, are to be promptly informed by the French Government to comply with the regulations of the German military commanders and to cooperate with them in a correct manner.
It is the intention of the German Government to limit the occupation of the west coast after ending hostilities with England to the extent absolutely necessary.
The French Government is permitted to select the seat of its government in unoccupied territory, or, if it wishes, to move to Paris. In this case, the German Government guarantees the French Government and its central authorities every necessary alleviation so that they will be in a position to conduct the administration of unoccupied territory from Paris.
French armed forces on land, on the sea, and in the air are to be demobilized and disarmed in a period still to be set. Excepted are only those units which are necessary for maintenance of domestic order. Germany and Italy will fix their strength. The French armed forces in the territory to be occupied by Germany are to be hastily withdrawn into territory not to be occupied and be discharged. These troops, before marching out, shall lay down their weapons and equipment at the places where they are stationed at the time this treaty becomes effective. They are responsible for orderly delivery to German troops.
As a guarantee for the observance of the armistice, the surrender, undamaged, of all those guns, tanks, tank defense weapons, war planes, anti-aircraft artillery, infantry weapons, means of conveyance, and munitions can be demanded from the units of the French armed forces which are standing in battle against Germany and which at the time this agreement goes into force are in territory not to be occupied by Germany.
The German armistice commission will decide the extent of delivery. ARTICLE VI.
Weapons, munitions, and war apparatus of every kind remaining in the unoccupied portion of France are to be stored and/or secured under German and/or Italian control—so far as not released for the arming allowed to French units.
The German High Command reserves the right to direct all those measures which are necessary to exclude unauthorized use of this material. Building of new war apparatus in unoccupied territory is to be stopped immediately. ARTICLE VII.
In occupied territory, all the land and coastal fortifications, with weapons, munitions, and apparatus and plants of every kind are to be surrendered undamaged. Plans of these fortifications, as well as plans of those already conquered by German troops, are to be handed over.
Exact plans regarding prepared blastings, land mines, obstructions, time fuses, barriers for fighting, etc., shall be given to the German High Command. These hindrances are to be removed by French forces upon German demand.
The French war fleet is to collect in ports to be designated more particularly, and under German and/or Italian control to demobilize and lay up—with the exception of those units released to the French Government for protection of French interests in its colonial empire.
The peacetime stations of ships should control the designation of ports.
The German Government solemnly declares to the French Government that it does not intend to use the French War Fleet which is in harbors under German control for its purposes in war, with the exception of units necessary for the purposes of guarding the coast and sweeping mines.
It further solemnly and expressly declares that it does not intend to bring up any demands respecting the French War Fleet at the conclusion of a peace.
All warships outside France are to be recalled to France with the exception of that portion of the French War Fleet which shall be designated to represent French interests in the colonial empire.
The French High Command must give the German High Command the exact location of all mines which France has set out, as well as information on the other harbor and coastal obstructions and defense facilities. Insofar as the German High Command may require, French forces must clear away the mines.
The French Government is obligated to forbid any portion of its remaining armed forces to undertake hostilities against Germany in any manner.
French Government also will prevent members of its armed forces from leaving the country and prevent armaments of any sort, including ships, planes, etc., being taken to England or any other place abroad.
The French Government will forbid French citizens to fight against Germany in the service of States with which the German Reich is still at war. French citizens who violate this provision are to be treated by German troops as insurgents.
French commercial vessels of all sorts, including coastal and harbor vessels which are now in French hands, may not leave port until further notice. Resumption of commercial voyages will require approval of the German and Italian Governments.
French commercial vessels will be recalled by the French Government or, if return is impossible, the French Government will instruct them to enter neutral harbors.
All confiscated German commercial vessels are, on demand, to be returned [to Germany] undamaged.
Flight by any airplane over French territory shall be prohibited. Every plane making a flight without German approval will be regarded as an enemy by the German Air Force and treated accordingly.
In unoccupied territory, air fields and ground facilities of the air force shall be under German and Italian control.
Demand may be made that such air fields be rendered unusable. The French Government is required to take charge of all foreign airplanes in the unoccupied region to prevent flights. They are to be turned over to the German armed forces . ARTICLE XIII.
The French Government obligates itself to turn over to German troops in the occupied region all facilities and properties of the French armed forces in undamaged condition.
It [the French Government] also will see to it that harbors, industrial facilities, and docks are preserved in their present condition and damaged in no way.
The same stipulations apply to transportation routes and equipment, especially railways, roads, and canals, and to the whole communications network and equipment, waterways and coastal transportation services.
Additionally, the French Government is required on demand of the German High Command to perform all necessary restoration labor on these facilities.
The French Government will see to it that in the occupied region necessary technical personnel and rolling stock of the railways and other transportation equipment, to a degree normal in peacetime, be retained in service.
There is an immediate prohibition of transmission for all wireless stations on French soil. Resumption of wireless connections from the unoccupied portion of France requires a special regulation.
The French Government obligates itself to convey transit freight between the German Reich and Italy through unoccupied territory to the extent demanded by the German Government.
The French Government, in agreement with the responsible German officials, will carry out the return of population into occupied territory. ARTICLE XVII.
The French Government obligates itself to prevent every transference of economic valuables and provisions from the territory to be occupied by German troops into unoccupied territory or abroad.
These valuables and provisions in occupied territory are to be disposed of only in agreement with the German Government. In that connection, the German Government will consider the necessities of life of the population in unoccupied territory.
The French-Government will bear the costs of maintenance of German occupation troops on French soil.
All German war and civil prisoners in French custody, including those under arrest and convicted who were seized and sentenced because of acts in favor of the German Reich, shall be surrendered immediately to German troops.
The French Government is obliged to surrender upon demand all Germans named by the German Government in France as well as in French possessions, colonies, protectorate territories, and mandates.
The French Government binds itself to prevent removal of German war and civil prisoners from France into French possessions or into foreign countries. Regarding prisoners already taken outside of France, as well as sick and wounded German prisoners who cannot be transported, exact lists with the places of residence are to be produced. The German High Command assumes care of sick and wounded German war prisoners.
French troops in German prison camps will remain prisoners of war until conclusion of a peace.
The French Government assumes responsibility for the security of all objects and valuables whose undamaged surrender or holding in readiness for German disposal is demanded in this agreement or whose removal outside the country is forbidden. The French Government is bound to compensate for all destruction, damage or removal contrary to agreement.
The Armistice Commission, acting in accordance with the direction of the German High Command, will regulate and supervise the carrying out of the armistice agreement. It is the task of the Armistice Commission further to insure the necessary conformity of this agreement with the Italian- French armistice.
The French Government will send a delegation to the seat of the German Armistice Commission to represent the French wishes and to receive regulations from the German Armistice Commission for executing [the agreement]. ARTICLE XXIII.
This armistice agreement becomes effective as soon as the French Government also has reached an agreement with the Italian Government regarding cessation of hostilities.
Hostilities will be stopped six hours after the moment at which the Italian Government has notified the German Government of conclusion of its agreement. The German Government will notify the French Government of this time by wireless.
This agreement is valid until conclusion of a peace treaty. The German Government may terminate this agreement at any time with immediate effect if the French Government fails to fulfill the obligations it assumes under the agreement.
This armistice agreement, signed in the Forest of Compiegne, June 22,1940, at 6:50 p.m., German summer time.
The line mentioned in Article II of the armistice agreement begins in the east on the French-Swiss border at Geneva and runs thence nearly over the villages of Dele, Paray, Le Monial, and Bourges to approximately twenty kilometers east of Tours. From there it goes at a distance of twenty kilometers east of the Tours-Angouleme-Liborune railway line and extends through Mont de Marsan and Orthez to the Spanish border.
As the latter is now believed to be a mere formality, already agreed upon by the leaders of the Axis Powers in their discussion in Munich last Tuesday, its conclusion is expected within the next forty-eight hours. The French delegation that conferred at Compiègne also will negotiate with Italy. Such procedure, it is predicted, will end the war on the Continent early in the coming week.
Scene in Car Dramatic
The French delegation returned to Compiègne from Paris at 10 A.M. and continued its deliberations throughout the day, during which it was in constant communication with the Bordeaux government. To expedite contacts, German military authorities installed a direct telephone wire connecting the armistice car with Bordeaux.
The German radio broadcast announcing the signing of the treaty closed with the words, "We thank our Fuehrer." There was a dramatic scene in the armistice car at Compiègne before the formalities were completed. General Huntziger, in a choked voice, announced that his government had ordered him to sign.
"Before carrying out my government's order," he said, "the French delegation deems it necessary to declare that in a moment when France is compelled by fate of arms to give up the fight, she has a right to expect that the coming negotiations will be dominated by a spirit that will give two great neighboring nations a chance to live and work once more. As a soldier you will well understand the onerous moment that has now come for me to sign."
After the signatures were affixed, General Keitel requested all present to rise from their seats, and then said:
"It is honorable for the victor to do honor to the vanquished. We have risen in commemoration of those who gave their blood to their countries."
Talks With Italy Speeded
The French delegation left Compiègne for Paris tonight and is expected to take up negotiations with Italy without further delay to bring the hostilities to a quick close.
With an Italian-French armistice in imminent prospect, military activities are now expected to give way to diplomatic negotiations and it is not improbable that Germany, Italy, France and possibly also Belgium will meet in conference soon in some German city to discuss steps for an approach to honorable peace.
Meanwhile there is no indication in German official or press utterances to suggest that
The Armistice of 22 June 1940 was signed at 18:36 near Compiègne, France, by the top military officials of Nazi Germany and more junior representatives from the French Third Republic, namely by General Keitel, the commander-in- chief of the Wehrmacht, the German Army, and by General Huntziger for the French side. Following the decisive German victory in the Battle of France
Germany is not grimly determined to prosecute her war on Britain with all possible speed, and this determination has received fresh impetus through uninterrupted attacks by British bombers on German objectives.
With French Channel ports now available as German air bases, raids on English coastal points also have increased in recent days and with the final liquidation of the war in France it is predicted that Chancellor Hitler will lose no time in
General Huntzinger signs the armistice on behalf of France
(10 May–21 June 1940), this armistice established a German occupation zone in Northern and Western France that encompassed all English Channel and Atlantic Ocean ports and left the remainder "free" to be governed by the French. Adolf Hitler deliberately chose Compiègne Forest as the site to sign the armistice due to its symbolic role as the site of the 1918 Armistice with Germany that signaled the end of World War I with Germany's surrender.
Choice of Compiegne
When Adolf Hitler received word from the French government that they wished to negotiate an armistice, Hitler selected Compiègne Forest as the site for the negotiations. As Compiègne was the site of the 1918 Armistice ending the Great War with Germany's conflict cessation, Hitler saw using this location as a supreme moment of revenge for Germany over France. Hitler decided that the signing should take place in the same rail carriage, Compiègne Wagon, where the Germans had signed the 1918 armistice. However, in the last sentence of the preamble, the drafters inserted "However, Germany does not have the intention to use the armistice conditions and armistice negotiations as a form of humiliation against such a valiant opponent" referring to the French forces. Furthermore, in Article 3, Clause 2, the drafters stated that their intention was not to heavily occupy North-West France after cessation of hostilities with Britain.
In the very same railway carriage in which the 1918 Armistice was signed (removed
from a museum building and placed on the precise spot where it was located in 1918), on 21 June 1940, Hitler sat in the same chair in which Marshal Ferdinand Foch had sat when he faced the representatives of the defeated German Empire. After listening to the reading of the preamble, Hitler – in a calculated gesture of disdain to the French delegates – left the carriage, as Foch had done in 1918, leaving the negotiations to his Oberkommando der Wehrmacht
HERE ON THE ELEVENTH OF NOVEMBER 1918 SUCCUMBED THE CRIMINAL PRIDE OF THE GERMAN REICH. VANQUISHED BY THE FREE PEOPLES WHICH IT TRIED TO ENSLAVE.
The Alsace-Lorraine Monument (depicting a German eagle impaled by a sword) was also destroyed and all evidence of the site was obliterated, with the notable exception of the statue of Marshal Foch: Hitler intentionally ordered it to be left intact so that it would be honoring only a wasteland. The railway carriage itself later exhibited in Berlin, and was taken to Crawinkel in Thuringia in 1945, where it was destroyed by SS troops and the remains buried.
Left to right: Joachim von Ribbentrop, Wilhelm Keitel, Hermann Göring, Rudolf Hess, Adolf Hitler, and Walther von Brauchitsch in front of the Armistice carriage, on 21 June 1940.
The agreement was announced officially three hours later in Berlin and broadcast to the German people by radio. By that hour the French delegates, having placed on record their spokesman's protest against the "severity" of the German conditions, were already en route by German plane to Italy.
If no difficulties occur, it was believed here that the "cease firing" order might come some time Monday.
The plenipotentiaries agreed on French- German terms twenty-seven hours and twenty minutes after Chancellor Hitler
until after the agreement with Italy was reached. There was no positive assurance that the terms would be published even then.
In the old dining car--which now will be brought to Berlin at Chancellor Hitler's order-- for the final ceremony were the four French delegates, General Huntziger, Admiral Maurice Leluc, Leon Noel and Air General Jean Marie Bergeret.
Representing Germany were General Keitel, Generals Jodl and von Tippelskirch and Dr. Paul Schmidt, Foreign Office interpreter.
Herr Hitler was not at Compiègne when the final agreement was reached. He had returned to his field headquarters immediately after his brief appearance in the railroad coach yesterday.
Inspired articles in the German press carried a clear forecast of what Herr
CBS war correspondent William L. Shirer in Compiegne, France, reporting on the negotiations or the signing of the armistice. The building in the background enshrines the railcar in which Marshal Foch accepted the German request for an armistice ending WWI on November 11, 1918. Hitler had the railcar removed from the building two days before the signing of the June 22, 1940 armistice.
Hitler's thus far unrevealed terms to the French are designed to achieve.
Press comment indicated that France has been asked for full military capitulation--the handing over of all her armed resources on land, sea and air--and additional conditions that would guarantee Germany against any possible revival at some future date of the Anglo-French alliance.
The Angriff, vigorous exponent of Nazi doctrine, proclaimed that "Compiègne has become the end of the whole order of the economic, social and political system of the French Republic."
This newspaper indicated belief that France would not only be stripped of her military power, but also swung into the totalitarian economic and political orbit.
"After this war," it said, "France will take the first step toward a new era that the young authoritarian States of Europe have already taken."