|"In God We Trust"
submitted by Dennis Brann
|How Arthur and Debby Solved the Puzzle
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|Quiz #348 Results
1. It was auctioned for $1.15M.
2. The mottos "E Pluribum Unum" and "In God We Trust"
3. Copper with a silver plug in the center to control the weight.
|Answers to Quiz #348
April 22, 2012
|1. Why has this coin been in the news lately?
2. What is missing from the coin that is usually present on today's versions?
3. What is it made of?
|Happy 7th Birthday Forensic Genealogy!
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|Congratulations to Our Winners
Robert Austin Debby Was
Gary Sterne Jim Kiser
Janice Kent-Mackenzie Kitty Huddleston
Margaret Waterman Grace Hertz
George Wright Janice M. Sellers
Shirley Hamblin Joshua Kreitzer
Sharon Martin Joyce Veness
Arthur Hartwell Mike Dalton
Jean Alex Sissoev
Joshua Kreitzer Charlie Wayne
Dennis Brann Donna Jolley
Don Draper Moshe Schaeffer
Evan Hindman Judy Pfaff
Janice Kent-Mackenzie Diane Burkett
Charles Grabs Margaret Waterman
Richard Wakeham Robert W. Steinmann Jr.
Claudio Trapote Fiona Brooker
|Comments from Our Readers
|Googled 'one cent penny' got nothing. '1 of 100 penny' also nothing.
'Penny in the news' brought up the auction and information on the
penny. Both pennies in my pocket have the Lincoln Memorial. I don't
believe I have seen a 2009 or later penny. I have to start taking a
better loook at my pennies. A high price for such a small item. Ten
years ago it sold for 105 thousand. Now it will probably be locked
away for fear it will be stolen.
So as usual I started by searching Google & Wikipedea using the
terms "American penny" or "Old American Pennies" but couldn't find
anything that looked like "your" penny. Although I did learn a bit
about the history of the coin and realized that the coin had to be really
old because the reverse of the penny did not match any of the Lincoln
coins that were pictured.
So I Googled images of "American penny" and selected the first
suggestion "American penny coin" and scrolled through the images.
And there it was on page five second from the left - a 1792 American
penny. This took me to a site called
www.mmail.com.my/story/us-penny-sells-us115-million for The
Malay Mail showing an article dated Saturday, April 21, 2012 by AFP
announcing: "US penny sells for US$1.15 million".
|The motto IN GOD WE TRUST was placed on United States coins
largely because of the increased religious sentiment existing during
the Civil War.
Secretary of the Treasury Salmon P. Chase received many appeals
from devout persons throughout the country, urging that the United
States recognize the Deity on United States coins. From Treasury
Department records, it appears that the first such appeal came in a
letter dated November 13, 1861. It was written to Secretary Chase by
Rev. M. R. Watkinson, Minister of the Gospel from Ridleyville,
Pennsylvania, and read:
"Dear Sir: You are about to submit your annual report to the Congress
respecting the affairs of the national finances. One fact touching our
currency has hitherto been seriously overlooked. I mean the
recognition of the Almighty God in some form on our coins.
You are probably a Christian. What if our Republic were not shattered
beyond reconstruction? Would not the antiquaries of succeeding
centuries rightly reason from our past that we were a heathen nation?
What I propose is that instead of the goddess of liberty we shall have
next inside the 13 stars a ring inscribed with the words PERPETUAL
UNION; within the ring the all seeing eye, crowned with a halo;
beneath this eye the American flag, bearing in its field stars equal to
the number of the States united; in the folds of the bars the words
GOD, LIBERTY, LAW.
This would make a beautiful coin, to which no possible citizen could
object. This would relieve us from the ignominy of heathenism. This
would place us openly under the Divine protection we have personally
claimed. From my hearth I have felt our national shame in disowning
God as not the least of our present national disasters.
To you first I address a subject that must be agitated"
As a result, Secretary Chase instructed James Pollock, Director of
the Mint at Philadelphia, to prepare a motto, in a letter dated
November 20, 1861:
"Dear Sir: No nation can be strong except in the strength of God, or
safe except in His defense. The trust of our people in God should be
declared on our national coins.
You will cause a device to be prepared without unnecessary delay
with a motto expressing in the fewest and tersest words possible this
It was found that the Act of Congress dated January 18, 1837,
prescribed the mottoes and devices that should be placed upon the
coins of the United States. This meant that the mint could make no
changes without the enactment of additional legislation by the
Congress. In December 1863, the Director of the Mint submitted
designs for new one-cent coin, two-cent coin, and three-cent coin to
Secretary Chase for approval. He proposed that upon the designs
either OUR COUNTRY; OUR GOD or GOD, OUR TRUST should
appear as a motto on the coins. In a letter to the Mint Director on
December 9, 1863, Secretary Chase stated:
"I approve your mottoes, only suggesting that on that with the
Washington obverse the motto should begin with the word OUR, so
as to read OUR GOD AND OUR COUNTRY. And on that with the
shield, it should be changed so as to read: IN GOD WE TRUST."
The Congress passed the Act of April 22, 1864. This legislation
changed the composition of the one-cent coin and authorized the
minting of the two-cent coin. The Mint Director was directed to
develop the designs for these coins for final approval of the
Secretary. IN GOD WE TRUST first appeared on the 1864 two-cent
The use of IN GOD WE TRUST has not been uninterrupted. The
motto disappeared from the five-cent coin in 1883, and did not
reappear until production of the Jefferson nickel began in 1938. Since
1938, all United States coins bear the inscription. Later, the motto
was found missing from the new design of the double-eagle gold coin
and the eagle gold coin shortly after they appeared in 1907. In
response to a general demand, Congress ordered it restored, and the
Act of May 18, 1908, made it mandatory on all coins upon which it
had previously appeared. IN GOD WE TRUST was not mandatory
on the one-cent coin and five-cent coin. It could be placed on them
by the Secretary or the Mint Director with the Secretary's approval.
The motto has been in continuous use on the one-cent coin since
1909, and on the ten-cent coin since 1916. It also has appeared on all
gold coins and silver dollar coins, half-dollar coins, and quarter-dollar
coins struck since July 1, 1908.
A law passed by the 84th Congress (P.L. 84-140) and approved by
the President on July 30, 1956, the President approved a Joint
Resolution of the 84th Congress, declaring IN GOD WE TRUST the
national motto of the United States. IN GOD WE TRUST was first
used on paper money in 1957, when it appeared on the one-dollar
silver certificate. The first paper currency baring the motto entered
circulation on October 1, 1957."
|1792 cent realizes $1.15 million in CSNS sale
Silver Center cent pattern sells in April Heritage auction
|Interesting Penny Facts
submitted by Charlie Wayne
Counterfeit Detection: 1911-D Quarter Eagle
|Some Highlights of the Auction
for more, see www.coinworld.com/articles/1792-cent-realizes-1-15-million-in-csns-sale/