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Contest #38 Results -December 2, 2005
?
Emma
Isabella Eugenie
?????
Left click on thumbnails to see larger images.
She has appeared in many popular movies and television shows and
played special roles in the lives of these two women.
Who is she and what are the roles?
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Answer:

The Statue of Liberty
Emma Lazarus wrote the poem "The New Colossus"
that is inscribed on the pedestal of the Statue of Liberty.

Isabella Eugenie Boyer Singer was supposedly the model for Miss Liberty.
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Little known fact:

William Tecumseh Sherman (as in General Sherman's march to Atlanta during the Civil
War) was the person who chose the site for the Statue of Liberty on Bedloe Island
(now Liberty Island).
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THE STATUE OF LIBERTY
The New Colossus

Not like the brazen giant of Greek fame,
With conquering limbs astride from land to land;
Here at our sea-washed, sunset gates shall stand
A mighty woman with a torch, whose flame
Is the imprisoned lightning, and her name
Mother of Exiles. From her beacon-hand
Glows world-wide welcome; her mild eyes command
The air-bridged harbor that twin cities frame.
"Keep, ancient lands, your storied pomp!" cries she
With silent lips. "Give me your tired, your poor,
Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free,
The wretched refuse of your teeming shore.
Send these, the homeless, tempest-tost to me,
I lift my lamp beside the golden door!"

                                         Emma Lazarus
For s brief history of the poem, see
http://xroads.virginia.edu/~CAP/LIBERTY/lazarus.html
The Statue of Liberty (dedicated on October 28, 1886), in full Liberty Enlightening the
World, is a National Memorial statue, given to the United States by the French Third
Republic in the late 19th century, that stands at the mouth of the Hudson River in New
York Harbor as a welcome to all returning Americans, visitors, and immigrants alike.
The sculptor was Frederic Auguste Bartholdi; Gustave Eiffel (of Eiffel Tower fame)
created the armature.

Bartholdi was commissioned to design a sculpture with the year 1876 in mind for
completion, to commemorate the centennial of the American Declaration of
Independence. Bartholdi had previously prepared in 1869 a scale model of a giant statue
of a lady holding a torch, for the entry of the recently built Suez Canal. The idea for the
commemorative gift grew out of the political turmoil which was shaking France at the
time. The French Third Republic was still considered as a "temporary" arrangement by
many, who wished a return to monarchism, or to some form of constitutional
dictatorship which they had known under Napoleon I of France. The idea of giving a
colossal representation of republican virtues to a "sister" republic across the sea served
as a focus for the republican cause against other political opponents.

For more on the history of the Statue of Liberty, visit
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Statue_of_liberty
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Interesting Facts about the Statue of Liberty's Feet

Length of sandal: 25'-0"
US Women's Shoe Size based on standard formula: 879
This "Liberty Fact" originated on the website
http://www.endex.
com/gf/buildings/liberty/libertyfacts.htm in February 2001. It was
picked up by National Geographic and published in their October 2001 magazine in
"The Answer Place". In September 2005, Bill Maurer, Liberty Park Ranger, opened a
bottle of Snapple to find the "fact" on the lid.
The Statue of Liberty's Toes - or - Why She May Wear Sandals

by William Maurer, Park Range
December 2004
Besides being known unofficially as a Greek or
Roman toe, this is a common forefoot disorder
where the second toe is longer than the Big Toe
(the Hallux) known, officially, as Morton's Toe,
and unofficially as Classic Greek Foot,
hyperpronation of the foot, or pes valgus.  
Morton's Foot was first described in the 1930's by
podiatrist Dudley J. Morton. It is a normal
variation in the structure of the human foot that is
present in roughly 20% of the population.
Actually, it is not that the second toe is longer than
the Big Toe as much as the second bone, the
Click on thumbnail to see larger
image of  of Liberty's foot.
second meta-tarsal (or a short first metatarsal) is the distinctive feature.  You can't tell
by simply looking at the length of your toes. Morton's Foot creates an instability in the
ankle that causes ankle weakness and frequent ankle sprains. The feet compensate by
turning the toes outward, which turns the ankles inward and flattens the arch. Physical
stress from this abnormal posture promotes the development of myofascial trigger
points (tiny contraction knots) in the muscles of the lower leg and foot.

[The] symbol of liberty and freedom is not standing still or at attention in the harbor,
she is moving forward as her left foot tramples chains of tyranny and slavery. And, on
her Greek/Roman feet, open sandals that define her heritage from the earliest days of
civilization-we see her Morton's toes and her "hammer" little toe.
For more interesting facts about the Statue of Liberty, see
http://www.endex.com/gf/buildings/liberty/libertyfacts.htm
**********
If You Are Planning a Visit to the Statue of Liberty
See http://www.nps.gov/stli/

Visitors experience a special insider's view of the engineering marvel that is the Statue
of Liberty. Time passes are needed to enter the monument. A limited number of time
passes are available at the ferry ticket offices for walk-ins on a first-come, first-served
basis or reserved in advance by calling the ferry company at: 1-866-STATUE4(1-866-
782-8834)U.S. calls only. Callers outside the U.S. can call the NY ticket office at: (212)
269-5755 or on-line at: WWW.STATUERESERVATIONS.COM

To better understand this monumental work of art, visitors will be able to view inside
the Statue through a glass ceiling, guided by a park ranger and an enhanced lighting and
new video system. In addition, visitors can walk out onto the Statue’s observation deck
to see the panoramic views of New York City and the Harbor, and witness the Statue
up close from her promenade and Ft. Wood. The Statue's crown is not accessible and
the torch has been officially closed since July 1916.

Current Park Hours: Liberty Island 9:30am - 5:00pm.
The park is open daily except Dec. 25th.

Historical Note:  On July 30, 1916, during World War I, German saboteurs blew up a
cache of dynamite at nearby Black Tom Wharf in New Jersey. The explosion did
extensive structural damage to the buildings on Ellis Island, and popped some bolts out
of the Statue of Liberty's right arm. Officials closed the monument for about a week.
Ever since the monument re-opened the arm has been off limits to tourists.
**********
List of movies where the Statue of Liberty appears:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_movie_appearances_of_the_Statue_of_Liberty
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EMMA LAZARUS
(1849-1887)

http://www.endex.com/gf/buildings/liberty/libertyquestions.htm#solq18
In 1883, Emma Lazarus was a 34 year old poet
and member of a prominent New York Jewish
family. She was invited to submit a poem for the
Art Loan Exhibit, the proceeds of which would be
used to fund the statue's base. At first she refused,
but two days later submitted the poem "The New
Colossus" inspired by her horror at the anti-Semitic
riots in Russia and the sight of refugees who fled
them. This account is from "Liberty, The Statue
and the American Dream" by Leslie Allen and
"Bearer of a Million Dreams" by Frank Spiering:

Lazarus was not even invited to the opening
ceremony (Jeanne-Emilie, Bartholdi's wife, and
Ferdinand de Lesseps' 8 year old daughter Tototte,
were the only women allowed on the island during
the ceremnoy) and the bronze plaque with the
poem was not mounted in the Statue until 1903,
and then only because of a private donor. The
poem itself was not widely recognized until about
1930. The bronze plaque containing the poem is
now mounted in the Museum in the base of the
Statue, on the East side near the postcard exhibit
and Museum exit.
Emma Lazarus
The New Collosus
Plaque in the  Liberty Exhibit
in the base of the monument.
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ISABELLA EUGENIE BOYER SINGER
Isabella Eugenie Boyer (1841—1904) was
born in Paris to French and English parents.
Isabella married Isaac Merritt Singer, the
founder of the Singer Sewing Machine Co., in
New York, in 1863 when Isaac was 52 and
Isabella was 22. Singer had also a previous
common-law wife, Mary Ann Sponsler, who
had had Isaac arrested for domestic abuse.

Isabella and Isaac moved to Oldway Mansion
in Paignton, England on the Devon coast
because New York society frowned on his
many "families." They had six children, two
girls and four boys. Their names were
Winnaretta, Isabelle, Mortimer, Washington,
Paris and Franklin. Including his other
companions, Isaac is reported to have had a total of 22 children. Singer died in 1875
and left an estate of about $14,000,000, which at the time was a colossal sum of
money. His two wills created family tension and lawsuits. Isabella was declared his
legal widow.

After Isaac's death, she married a Belgian musician, Victor Reubsaet, Vicomte d’
Estemburgh, and the Duke of Camposelice. They lived in Paris. Isabella was still a
striking lady when she met the sculptor Bartholdi. He asked her to be his model for
the Statue of Liberty.

In 1904, Isabella died at 62 years of age.
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Congratulations to our winners!

Gus Janssen                Jim Turner
Stan Read                Carol Haueter
Walter Wood                Bobbie Sims
Linda Palmer                Edee Scott
Margaret Waterman                Gary Lee
Mary Fraser                Lincoln Mulkey
Deborah Hinz                Charlotte Cain
Maureen O'Connor                Don Schulteis
Debbie Anderson                Joel Amos Gordon
Ellis Nienhaus                Dale Niesen

If your name has been omitted from our list of winners, please let me know. It was unintentional.
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Contest #38 Results
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