At the end of each day, commencing at
4.55 pm AEDT, the Memorial farewells
visitors with its moving Last Post
Ceremony. The ceremony begins with the
singing of the Australian National Anthem,
followed by the poignant strains of a
Lament, played by a piper. Visitors are
invited to lay wreaths and floral tributes
beside the Pool of Reflection. The Roll of
The Australian War Memorial is
Australia's national memorial to the
members of its armed forces and
supporting organisations who have died or
participated in the wars of the
Commonwealth of Australia. The
memorial includes an extensive national
military museum. The Australian War
Memorial was opened in 1941, and is
Quiz #472 Results
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Answers to Quiz #472- April 5, 2015
1. Where was this picture taken?
2. What does the inscription represent?
3. What is the significance of the "red stuff"?
TinEye Alert
You can find this photo on,
but the quiz will be a lot more fun if you solve the puzzle on your own.

Congratulations to Our Winners!

Arthur Hartwell                John Thatcher
Tony Knapp                Barbara H Lang
Elaine C. Hebert              Timmy Fitzpatrick
Collier Smith                  Debbie Johnson
Tynan Peterson                Jim Kiser
Janice Sellers                Carol Gene Farrant
Winnifred Evans                Edna Cardinal
Cindy Costigan                Anne Heafield
Rebecca Bare                Margaret Paxton
Judy K. Pfaff                Betty Chambers
Roger Lipsett                Gus Marsh
Dianne Abbott                Ellen Welker
Ida Sanchez                Tynan Peterson
Colette Fitzpatrick                Gregory Cope
Sarah Johnston                Liz Pidgeon
James Dudley                Robyn Cook
Ace Zenek                Marg Ready
Lawrence Molloy

Grace Hertz and Mary Turner
The Fabulous Fletchers!
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Comments from Our Readers
I can imagine how touching hearing the reading of a name of one of the fallen can
be. It actually reinforces in an instant all the pain and ugliness that war inflicts.   In
terms of the long-dead soldier, has DNA ever been taken from him? That would be
an amazing project for you if it hasn't!

I have not seen The Water Diviner "yet", but based on your positive comments, I
will view it soon enough.

I really hope you are planning on a grand party to mark your 60th birthday and the
10th anniversary of your quizzes! You certainly deserve something big and special
in your honour!
Cynthia Costigan
When I started working on my family tree, one of my first big finds was a photo of
a tombstone for one of my great-grandfathers on Find A Grave .  I thought it would
be nice to pay for that find by taking some photos myself.  17,000 photos later I
think I’m hooked.  A friend and I do get a bit involved with those at rest in the San
Francisco National Cemetery .  You take a picture and then you start to wonder
about that person.  Sometimes you get some information and sometimes you don’t.  
But, when I hear or see the name of a fallen soldier, it is practically instinct to look
him or her up.  I figure that, at the very least, we are remembering each person
buried there and it feels good.
Carol Gene Farrant
When I did Korean MIA military id's a few years ago, I had the experience that
brothers, sisters, and other relatives would cry on the phone when they heard why
I was calling.  They had lived for decades without hearing anything about their
family soldier  Mothers and fathers had died never knowing what happened. My
call was the first hope they had had in years. - Q. Gen.
Wow. What a way to memorialize people.
Tynan Peterson
Oh, my dear friend Penny that I haven't seen in over 30 years lives 15 minutes from
this memorial. My heart is longing to go there.
Judy Pfaff
This is the WW1 gallery at the Australian War Memorial; the list of names is the list
of Australian dead (and injured?) in WW1. The red poppies are "to keep the
memory of war sacrifice in the public consciousness" (see
for a very interesting article about flowers in war).

The war memorial contains memorials to all Australian wars and conflicts going
back to the Maori wars of the 1860s.

I originally thought this looked like the Punchbowl, near Honolulu, but it turns out
that Punchbowl has nothing like this wall of names; additionally, zooming into the
photo shows one list titled "Trench Mortar" which is a WW1 concept. So I found
myself looking for WW1 cemeteries and museums, and found this one (it was
clearly, based on the names, an English-speaking country).

The length of the list is stunning. WW1 was probably the second most bloody war
ever, with over 10 million military personnel dead and over 30 million people dead
and wounded altogether (exceeded, of course, only by WW2). Australia lost about
1.3% of its population in the war, by far the largest percentage for a country not in
the immediate war theater (there is a full list on the Wikipedia WW1 casualties
page; see for example the Ottoman empire or some of the Balkan states for truly
horrifying numbers).
Roger Lipsett
It was obvious that the wall represented some sort of memorial. A Google search
for "memorial wall with red flowers" provided several links to the answer.
Ellen Welker
I did not realise that you went to the War Memorial in Canberra. We were there last
year, Bronwyn played Golf in Yass about an hour out of Canberra and I went with
my parents and Bronwyn to do the driving. I suggested that we stop in Canberra
overnight to visit the War Memorial. I had looked up all my mother’s relatives who
had died and were commemorated on the wall. We brought poppies and placed
them on their names.
Colette Fitzpatrick
Nice lead-in to the 100th anniversary of the disastrous assault on Gallipoli on 25
April 1915 - they're planning some special ANZAC Day ceremonies at the Memorial
running from 22 April to the 27th, with a Dawn Service on the 25th.
John Thatcher
It's a beautiful tribute!
Elaine C. Hebert
Method: I first tried to Google-image "red flowers on black wall" but had no luck.
Then I zoomed in on the image and saw the kind of flowers, and the names, so I
tried "red poppies on wall commemorate". This turned up your image right away.
Collier Smith
World War I went from July 28, 1914 to November 11, 1918.  To mark the
hundredth anniversary of the war, the Australian War Memorial has come up with
two projects that I think are really wonderful.  One is that the names will be
projected onto the exterior of the building until the hundredth anniversary of the end
of the war.  The other one is the voices of school children recorded across
Australia will be heard reciting the names of
the fallen.

Using the words NAMES WALL POPPIES it was easy enough to find the answers.
But I looked up some of the people, too.  Each is Australian and buried far from

Archibald Neville Scollick
Robert Milton Pember
Henry George Nethercott
Carol Gene Farrant
1. Australian War Memorial, Canberra, Australia.
2.  The names of Australian War casualties.
3.  Poppies are used to commemorate war dead.
Australian War Memorial
widely regarded as one of the most significant memorials of its type in the world.

The Memorial is located in Australia's capital, Canberra. It is the north terminus of the
city's ceremonial land axis, which stretches from Parliament House on Capital Hill along
a line passing through the summit of the cone-shaped Mount Ainslie to the northeast.
No continuous roadway links the two points, but there is a clear line of sight from the
front balcony of Parliament House to the War Memorial, and from the front steps of the
War Memorial back to Parliament House.

The Australian War Memorial consists of three parts: the Commemorative Area (shrine)
including the Hall of Memory with the Tomb of the Unknown Australian Soldier, the
Memorial's galleries (museum) and Research Centre (records). The Memorial also has
an outdoor Sculpture Garden. The Memorial is currently open daily from 10am until
5pm, except on Christmas Day.

Many people include Anzac Parade as part of the Australian War Memorial because of
the Parade's physical design leading up to the War Memorial, but it is maintained
separately by the National Capital Authority (NCA)
The Last Post
Honor in the Cloisters lists the names of more than 102,000 Australians who have given
their lives in war and other operations over more than a century. At each ceremony the
story behind one of these names will be told. The Ode is then recited, and the ceremony
ends with the sounding of the Last Post.

On the first and third Wednesday of each month the Last Post Ceremony includes the
presence of Australia's Federation Guard. At 4.00 pm a catafalque party mounts a vigil
at the Tomb of the Unknown Australian Soldier in the Hall of Memory. There is a
change of guard at 4.30 pm, and the entire catafalque party then participates in the Last
Post Ceremony.
To see a live stream of the Last Post Ceremony,
click on the thumbnail.

4:55 AEST  =
11:55 pm Pacific Daylight Time US
1:55 am Central Daylight Time US
2:55 am Eastern Daylight Time US
The Ode
The fourth stanza of the poem
For the fallen
by Laurence Binyon (1869–1943)
They shall grow not old, as we that are left grow old;
Age shall not weary them, nor the years condemn.
At the going down of the sun and in the morning
We will remember them.
Hear the last post. Click here.
Note: Gunner, 5th Brigade, Australian Field
Artillery. Died of wounds. Son of Samuel
and Matilda Scollick, of 366 Park St.,
Hobart, Tasmania. Age 19.

Achiet-le-Grand Communal Cemetery
Departement du Pas-de-Calais
Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France
Plot: I. C. 18
Gnr Archibald Neville Scollick
Birth:  unknown
Death: Apr. 20, 1917
Created by: CWGC/ABMC
Record added: Aug 07, 2010
Find A Grave Memorial # 56388425
Three of the Fallen
Submitted by Carol Gene Farrant
Australian Field Artillery

Note: 21264

Cité Bonjean Military Cemetery
Departement du Nord
Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France
Plot: IV. D. 27.
Bombardier Robert Milton Pember
Birth:  unknown
Death: Feb. 1, 1917
Maintained by: IWPP Custodial Account
Originally Created by: International Wargraves Photography Project
Record added: Aug 10, 2006
Find A Grave Memorial # 15290538
Australian Field Artillery

Note: 24382

Huts Cemetery
Ypres (Ieper)
Arrondissement Ieper
West Flanders (West-Vlaanderen), Belgium
Plot: V. A. 11..
Driver Henry George Nethercott
Birth:  unknown
Death: Sep. 11, 1917
Maintained by: IWPP Custodial Account
Originally Created by: International Wargraves Photography Project
Record added:  Dec 02, 2005
Find A Grave Memorial #12579711

How Ida Solved the Puzzle
Tried googling what I could read in a zoomed image (brigade 14,
Livingston WJ) and failed. Then, since the words "memorial" or
"wall" would take me nowhere, I tried for "red flower memorial
day". That got me to the wikipedia page of the Remembrance
poppy. That answered question number 3 and provided the next
clue. "remembrance day hanging poppies" gave me an image of
the place (after scrolling down a bit), and by clicking on it, an
article in The Guardian compiling different pictures of
Remembrance Day throughout the Commonwealth, found the
name of the place. Went to its wikipedia from there.

Ida Sanchez
'We've done them proud':
huge Anzac Day turnout at Australian War Memorial
Crowd of 120,000 people – more than double the expected
number – gathers in Canberra to commemorate 100th
anniversary of Gallipoli landing.

An estimated 120,000 people have lined the mall in front of the
Australian War Memorial in Canberra for an Anzac Day dawn
service that reflected on the “awful cost” of armed conflict.

Organisers praised the “extraordinary” turnout, which was well
above the 50,000 predicted to attend and the 37,000 who paid
their respects last year.

The number of people at the 5.30am service was equal to a third
of Canberra’s population, although the figure included those who
travelled from other states to join commemorations in Australia’s

Many attendees felt a stronger duty to attend Saturday’s event
because it marked the 100th centenary of the Anzac troops
landing in Gallipoli, Turkey, in 1915.

“This morning we’ve done them proud,” said Brendan Nelson,
director of the Australian War Memorial, referring to the Anzacs.

“There are people who would not normally come to a dawn
service who made it their business and priority to be here.”

The historical significance of the occasion was referred to by
many of the speakers.

The soon-to-retire chief of the army, Lieutenant General David
Morrison, reflected on the plight of those “who had crossed a
foreign shore 100 years ago this morning” and had “improbably
survived” the bloody battles, returning home scarred by war.

“If war is a sin against humanity, as some would hold, then war
itself is punishment for that sin, compounded by its endless
repetition and its hold on those who have experienced its terrors,”
he said.

“Such was the mark many brought home to their families, who
continued, as so many families have and still do, to live daily with
the indelible memories of those who have fought and who cannot
let go.”

Morrison said Anzac commemorations served as a reminder of
how the country could be courageous, compassionate, resolute
and resilient in the face of an unknown future.

And he argued there was “a line that connects all of us to those
who lived in this country 100 years ago”.

“It is given physical substance in the architecture of our cities
and the agricultural endeavours of our pioneers,” Morrison said,
before emphasising a message of inclusion.

“It is a line made more whole by the recognition of the First
People of this land and our sorrow for their treatment. It is a line
given colour and vibrancy by our cultural richness and diversity,
drawn as it is from migrants from all corners of our world. It is a
line rooted in our freedom of expression and of belief and the
affirmation of our democratic nation-state.

“That is why we remember them – the first Anzacs and all of
those who followed.”

An air force chaplain, Peter Friend, said the Anzacs who landed
at Gallipoli “established an imperishable tradition of selfless
service, of devotion to duty and of fighting for all that is best in
human relationships”.

“Our enemy at Gallipoli is now a close family friend. The Turkish
people are now the respectful custodians of the human remains
of our Anzac dead,” he said.

Leading the service in prayer, Friend asked for help “to be a
nation that desires peace over war and negotiations over armed
conflict” and that engaged with the region and world “in pursuit
of peace and a fair go for all”.

He also referred to the 102,000 Australians who have died in war.
“We ask for your comfort for the families and loved ones of
those who have been killed and injured in armed conflict. They
carry that awful cost every day. Help us to support them as we
are able.”

Army Corporal Dan Keighran, who was awarded a Victoria
Cross for protecting a comrade by deliberately exposing himself
to enemy fire in Afghanistan in 2010, said he felt an affinity with
the Anzacs.

“World War One was a vast human tragedy. It had profound,
devastating, enduring consequences for all Australians. Fourteen
years after federation Australia was thrown out into the
international stadium; they wanted to prove themselves,”
Keighran said.

“One hundred years on we do think back – and I do myself – to
the sacrifices, the courage, the tenacity that those original Anzacs
had to go through. It’s truly amazing.”

The spirit of mateship remained strong in the Australian defence
force, Keighran said.